Document
Table of Contents

 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
___________________________________________________________
FORM 10-Q
þ
 
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
 
For the quarterly period ended August 24, 2018
or
o
 
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from          to
Commission File Number 1-13873
___________________________________________________________
STEELCASE INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Michigan
 
38-0819050
(State or other jurisdiction
of incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
901 44th Street SE
Grand Rapids, Michigan
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
49508
(Zip Code) 
(616) 247-2710
(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)
None
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes þ     No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).  Yes þ     No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer”, “smaller reporting company,” and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
 
 
 
 
 
Large accelerated filer þ
Accelerated filer o
Non-accelerated filer o
Smaller reporting company o
Emerging growth company o

If an emerging growth company, indicate by a check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes o     No þ
As of September 19, 2018, Steelcase Inc. had 86,340,374 shares of Class A Common Stock and 30,360,912 shares of Class B Common Stock outstanding.
 


Table of Contents

STEELCASE INC.
FORM 10-Q


FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED August 24, 2018

INDEX

 
 
Page No. 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 



Table of Contents

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1.
Financial Statements:

STEELCASE INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME (Unaudited)
(in millions, except per share data)

 
Three Months Ended
Six Months Ended
 
August 24,
2018
August 25,
2017
August 24,
2018
August 25,
2017
Revenue
$
875.8

 
$
775.6

 
$
1,629.8

 
$
1,510.7

 
Cost of sales
587.2

 
518.3

 
1,103.3

 
1,008.3

 
Gross profit
288.6

 
257.3

 
526.5

 
502.4

 
Operating expenses
220.7

 
205.1

 
435.3

 
415.1

 
Operating income
67.9

 
52.2

 
91.2

 
87.3

 
Interest expense
(4.9
)
 
(4.4
)
 
(9.3
)
 
(8.7
)
 
Investment income
0.5

 
0.4

 
1.5

 
0.8

 
Other income (expense), net
3.7

 
2.5

 
7.0

 
(0.3
)
 
Income before income tax expense
67.2

 
50.7

 
90.4

 
79.1

 
Income tax expense
18.1

 
13.8

 
24.3

 
24.1

 
Net income
$
49.1

 
$
36.9

 
$
66.1

 
$
55.0

 
Earnings per share:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
Basic
$
0.41

 
$
0.31

 
$
0.56

 
$
0.46

 
Diluted
$
0.41

 
$
0.31

 
$
0.56

 
$
0.46

 
Dividends declared and paid per common share
$
0.1350

 
$
0.1275

 
$
0.2700

 
$
0.2550

 
    
See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.

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Table of Contents

STEELCASE INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (Unaudited)
(in millions)

 
Three Months Ended
Six Months Ended
 
August 24,
2018
August 25,
2017
August 24,
2018
August 25,
2017
Net income
$
49.1

 
$
36.9

 
$
66.1

 
$
55.0

 
Other comprehensive income (loss), net:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unrealized gain on investments
0.2

 
0.3

 
0.3

 
0.3

 
Pension and other post-retirement liability adjustments
(0.8
)
 
(1.3
)
 
(1.6
)
 
1.5

 
Foreign currency translation adjustments
(6.4
)
 
8.8

 
(18.6
)
 
20.3

 
Total other comprehensive income (loss), net
(7.0
)
 
7.8

 
(19.9
)
 
22.1

 
Comprehensive income
$
42.1

 
$
44.7

 
46.2

 
77.1

 

See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.


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Table of Contents

STEELCASE INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(in millions)
 
(Unaudited)
 
 
August 24,
2018
February 23,
2018
ASSETS
 
Current assets:
 

 
 

 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
45.7

 
$
283.1

 
Accounts receivable, net of allowances of $11.7 and $11.1
409.7

 
300.3

 
Inventories
232.3

 
184.6

 
Prepaid expenses
22.0

 
19.2

 
Assets held for sale
12.6

 
13.4

 
Other current assets
47.4

 
53.3

 
Total current assets
769.7

 
853.9

 
Property, plant and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation of $1,005.7 and $998.1
437.8

 
435.1

 
Company-owned life insurance ("COLI")
157.1

 
172.2

 
Deferred income taxes
130.3

 
135.4

 
Goodwill
217.6

 
138.2

 
Other intangible assets, net of accumulated amortization of $49.0 and $44.6
84.4

 
45.6

 
Investments in unconsolidated affiliates
52.5

 
48.4

 
Other assets
35.4

 
30.4

 
Total assets
$
1,884.8

 
$
1,859.2

 
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
 
Current liabilities:
 

 
 

 
Accounts payable
$
269.3

 
$
223.1

 
Short-term borrowings and current maturities of long-term debt
13.0

 
2.8

 
Accrued expenses:
 

 
 

 
Employee compensation
114.0

 
145.0

 
Employee benefit plan obligations
27.4

 
39.2

 
Accrued promotions
30.1

 
25.5

 
Customer deposits
22.7

 
28.2

 
Product warranties
15.5

 
18.1

 
Other
81.6

 
72.8

 
Total current liabilities
573.6

 
554.7

 
Long-term liabilities:
 

 
 

 
Long-term debt less current maturities
290.9

 
292.2

 
Employee benefit plan obligations
123.1

 
130.8

 
Other long-term liabilities
58.4

 
68.2

 
Total long-term liabilities
472.4

 
491.2

 
Total liabilities
1,046.0

 
1,045.9

 
Shareholders’ equity:
 

 
 

 
Common stock

 

 
Additional paid-in capital
16.2

 
4.6

 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(30.2
)
 
(10.3
)
 
Retained earnings
852.8

 
819.0

 
Total shareholders’ equity
838.8

 
813.3

 
Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity
$
1,884.8

 
$
1,859.2

 

See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.

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STEELCASE INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (Unaudited)
(in millions)

 
Six Months Ended
 
August 24,
2018
August 25,
2017
OPERATING ACTIVITIES
 

 
 

 
Net income
$
66.1

 
$
55.0

 
Depreciation and amortization
38.7

 
31.2

 
Non-cash stock compensation
12.9

 
11.7

 
Equity in income of unconsolidated affiliates
(6.8
)
 
(5.4
)
 
Dividends received from unconsolidated affiliates
7.1

 
6.1

 
Other
(11.2
)
 
(6.3
)
 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
 

 
 

 
Accounts receivable
(99.8
)
 
(25.2
)
 
Inventories
(38.0
)
 
(7.2
)
 
Other assets
6.7

 
19.3

 
Accounts payable
45.6

 
2.8

 
Employee compensation liabilities
(40.1
)
 
(59.2
)
 
Employee benefit obligations
(18.7
)
 
(15.7
)
 
Accrued expenses and other liabilities
(0.8
)
 
15.2

 
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities
(38.3
)
 
22.3

 
INVESTING ACTIVITIES
 

 
 

 
Capital expenditures
(41.5
)
 
(36.6
)
 
Purchases of investments

 
(52.1
)
 
Liquidations of investments

 
60.7

 
Proceeds from COLI policies
20.7

 
2.4

 
Acquisitions, net of cash acquired
(149.5
)
 

 
Other
1.9

 
7.4

 
Net cash used in investing activities
(168.4
)
 
(18.2
)
 
FINANCING ACTIVITIES
 

 
 

 
Dividends paid
(32.3
)
 
(30.9
)
 
Common stock repurchases
(3.5
)
 
(33.1
)
 
Borrowings on lines of credit
76.9

 

 
Repayments on lines of credit
(66.7
)
 

 
Repayment of long-term debt
(1.3
)
 
(1.3
)
 
Net cash used in financing activities
(26.9
)

(65.3
)
 
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents
(2.8
)
 
3.4

 
Net decrease in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash
(236.4
)
 
(57.8
)
 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, beginning of period (1)
285.6

 
199.6

 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, end of period (2)
$
49.2

 
$
141.8

 
_______________________________________
(1)
These amounts include restricted cash of $2.5 as of February 23, 2018 and February 24, 2017, which primarily represents funds held in escrow for potential future workers’ compensation claims. The restricted cash balance is included as part of Other Assets in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.
(2)
These amounts include restricted cash of $3.5 and $2.5 as of August 24, 2018 and August 25, 2017, respectively, which primarily represents funds held in escrow for potential future workers’ compensation claimsThe restricted cash balance is included as part of Other Assets in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.
See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.

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Table of Contents

STEELCASE INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
1.
BASIS OF PRESENTATION
The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) for interim financial information and with the instructions in Article 10 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring accruals and adjustments) considered necessary for a fair presentation of the condensed consolidated financial statements have been included. Results for interim periods should not be considered indicative of results to be expected for a full year. Reference should be made to the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto contained in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended February 23, 2018 (“Form 10-K”). The Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet as of February 23, 2018 was derived from the audited Consolidated Balance Sheet included in our Form 10-K.
As used in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (“Report”), unless otherwise expressly stated or the context otherwise requires, all references to “Steelcase,” “we,” “our,” “Company” and similar references are to Steelcase Inc. and its subsidiaries in which a controlling interest is maintained. Unless the context otherwise indicates, reference to a year relates to the fiscal year, ended in February of the year indicated, rather than a calendar year. Additionally, Q1, Q2, Q3 and Q4 reference the first, second, third and fourth quarter, respectively, of the fiscal year indicated. All amounts are in millions, except share and per share data, data presented as a percentage or as otherwise indicated.
2.
NEW ACCOUNTING STANDARDS
In August 2018, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued Accounting Standard Update ("ASU") No. 2018-14, Disclosure Framework - Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Defined Benefit Plans, which amends ASC 715-20, Compensation - Retirement Benefits - Defined Benefit Plans - General. The amended guidance modifies the disclosure requirements for employers that sponsor defined benefit pension or other post-retirement plans by removing and adding certain disclosures for these plans. The eliminated disclosures include (a) the amounts in accumulated Other Comprehensive Income ("OCI") expected to be recognized in net periodic benefit costs over the next fiscal year, and (b) the effects of a one percentage point change in assumed health care cost trend rates on the net periodic benefit costs and the benefit obligation for post-retirement health care benefits. Additional disclosures include descriptions of significant gains and losses affecting the benefit obligation for the period. The amended guidance is effective for fiscal years ending after December 15, 2020. The adoption of this guidance will modify our disclosures but will not have a material effect on our consolidated financial statements.
In February 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-02, Income Statement - Reporting Comprehensive Income (Topic 220), to address the impact of the U.S. Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the "Tax Act") on tax effects presented in other comprehensive income. The amended guidance allows a reclassification from accumulated other comprehensive income to retained earnings for the tax effects of items within accumulated other comprehensive income resulting from the Tax Act. The amended guidance is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2018. Early adoption is permitted, including adoption in any interim period for which financial statements have not yet been issued. The amendments may be applied either in the period of adoption or retrospectively to each period in which the effect of the change in the U.S. federal corporate income tax rate in the Tax Act is recognized. We are currently evaluating the impact of the adoption of this standard on our consolidated financial statements.
In March 2017, the FASB issued ASU No. 2017-07, Compensation - Retirement Benefits (Topic 715), to improve the presentation of net periodic pension cost and net periodic post-retirement benefit cost. The amended guidance requires that an employer disaggregate the service cost component from the other components of net benefit cost, provides explicit guidance on how to present the service cost component and the other components of net benefit cost in the income statement, and allows only the service cost component of net benefit cost to be eligible for capitalization. We adopted the amended guidance in Q1 2019 using the practical expedient which allows entities to use information previously disclosed in their pension and other post-retirement benefit plans footnote as the basis to apply the retrospective presentation requirements.

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Table of Contents
STEELCASE INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

The adoption of this ASU resulted in the following reclassifications in our 2018 Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income:

Three Months Ended
Year Ended
May 26,
2017
August 25,
2017
November 24,
2017
February 23,
2018
February 23, 2018
Cost of sales
(2.3
)
 
1.1

 
1.0

 
1.1

 
0.9

 
Operating expenses
(2.9
)
 
0.9

 
1.0

 
0.9

 
(0.1
)
 
Operating income
5.2

 
(2.0
)
 
(2.0
)
 
(2.0
)
 
(0.8
)
 
Other income (expense), net
(5.2
)
 
2.0

 
2.0

 
2.0

 
0.8

 
Income before income tax expense

 

 

 

 

 
The amounts reclassified in Q1 2018 include $7.1 of charges related to annuitizing three of the Company's smaller defined benefit plans. There was no impact to Net income on our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income as a result of this accounting change.
In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-13, Financial Instruments - Credit Losses (Topic 326), which replaces the incurred loss impairment methodology in current U.S. GAAP with a methodology that reflects expected credit losses. The amended guidance is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2019, with early adoption permitted for the fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2018. We are currently evaluating the impact of the adoption of this standard on our consolidated financial statements.
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842), which establishes a new lease accounting model for lessees. The updated guidance requires an entity to recognize assets and liabilities arising from financing and operating leases, along with additional qualitative and quantitative disclosures. The amended guidance is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2018, with early adoption permitted. In July 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-10, Codification Improvements to Topic 842, Leases, which clarifies certain aspects of the new lease standard. The amendments in this ASU address the rate implicit in the lease, impairment of the net investment in the lease, lessee reassessment of lease classification, lessor reassessment of lease term and purchase options, variable payments that depend on an index or rate and certain transition adjustments, among other things. In July 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-11, Leases (Topic 842) Targeted Improvements, which provides an additional (and optional) transition method whereby the new lease standard is applied at the adoption date and recognized as an adjustment to retained earnings. The amendments have the same effective date and transition requirements as the new lease standard. We expect the adoption of the issued lease guidance will result in an increase in the assets and liabilities on our Consolidated Balance Sheets, and we are currently evaluating the extent of this increase.
In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606), which establishes a new standard on revenue recognition. The new standard outlines a single comprehensive model for entities to use in accounting for revenue arising from contracts with customers and supersedes most current revenue recognition guidance, including industry-specific guidance. The core principle of the revenue model is that an entity should recognize revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. The standard is designed to create greater comparability for financial statement users across industries and jurisdictions and also requires enhanced disclosures. We adopted the updated guidance in Q1 2019 using the modified retrospective method, which did not have a material impact on the consolidated financial statements except for enhanced disclosures. All necessary changes required by the new standard, including those related to our accounting policies, controls and disclosures, have been identified and implemented as of the beginning of 2019. See Note 3 for additional information.

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Table of Contents
STEELCASE INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

3.
REVENUE
    
Accounting Policies
Our revenue consists substantially of product sales and related service revenue. Product sales are reported net of discounts and are recognized when control, consisting of the rights and obligations associated with the sale, passes to the purchaser. For sales to our dealers, this typically occurs when product is shipped. In cases where we sell directly to customers, control is typically transferred upon delivery. Service revenue is recognized when the services have been rendered.
We account for shipping and handling activities as fulfillment activities even if those activities are performed after the control of the good has been transferred. We expense shipping and handling costs at the time revenue is recognized.
Revenue does not include sales tax or any other taxes assessed by a governmental authority that are imposed on and concurrent with a specific sale, such as use, excise, value-added, and franchise taxes (collectively referred to as consumption taxes). We consider ourselves a pass-through entity for collecting and remitting these consumption taxes.
Disaggregation of Revenue
The following table provides information about disaggregated revenue by product category for each of our reportable segments:
Product Category Data
Three Months Ended
Six Months Ended
August 24,
2018
August 25,
2017
August 24,
2018
August 25,
2017
Americas
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Systems and storage
$
311.0

 
$
290.0

 
$
569.0

 
$
554.5

 
Seating
188.0

 
192.2

 
345.9

 
344.9

 
Other (1)
155.1

 
86.3

 
275.0

 
204.1

 
EMEA
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Systems and storage
61.9

 
52.1

 
124.7

 
104.4

 
Seating
44.1

 
39.5

 
88.3

 
76.8

 
Other (1)
27.2

 
26.6

 
57.6

 
50.1

 
Other
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Systems and storage
20.1

 
20.6

 
27.8

 
34.9

 
Seating
30.3

 
28.7

 
41.5

 
42.2

 
Other (1)
38.1

 
39.6

 
100.0

 
98.8

 

$
875.8

 
$
775.6

 
$
1,629.8

 
$
1,510.7

 
_______________________________________
(1)
The Other product category data by segment consists primarily of consolidated dealers, textiles and surface materials, worktools, architecture, technology, other uncategorized product lines and services.

Reportable geographic information is as follows:
Reportable Geographic Revenue
Three Months Ended
Six Months Ended
August 24,
2018
August 25,
2017
August 24,
2018
August 25,
2017
United States
$
582.8

 
$
474.0

 
$
1,054.1

 
$
955.0

 
Foreign locations
293.0

 
301.6

 
575.7

 
555.7

 
 
$
875.8

 
$
775.6

 
$
1,629.8

 
$
1,510.7

 


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Table of Contents
STEELCASE INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

Contract Balances
At times, we receive deposits from customers before revenue is recognized, resulting in the recognition of a contract liability (Customer deposits) presented in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.
Changes in the Customer deposits balance during the six months ended August 24, 2018 are as follows:
 
Customer Deposits
Balance as of February 23, 2018
$
28.2

 
Increases due to deposits received, net of other adjustments
19.6

 
Revenue recognized
(25.1
)
 
Balance as of August 24, 2018
$
22.7

 
Practical Expedients Elected
Our sales contracts are typically less than one year in length and do not have significant financing components. Therefore, we elected to apply the following practical expedients:
We recognize the incremental costs to obtain a contract as an expense when incurred.
We recognize the promised amount of consideration without adjusting for any significant financing components.
These elections had no effect on our financial statements.
4.
EARNINGS PER SHARE
Earnings per share is computed using the two-class method. The two-class method determines earnings per share for each class of common stock and participating securities according to dividends or dividend equivalents and their respective participation rights in undistributed earnings. Participating securities represent restricted stock units in which the participants have non-forfeitable rights to dividend equivalents during the performance period. Diluted earnings per share includes the effects of certain performance units in which the participants have forfeitable rights to dividend equivalents during the performance period.
 
Three Months Ended
Six Months Ended
Computation of Earnings per Share
August 24,
2018
August 25,
2017
August 24,
2018
August 25,
2017
Net income
$
49.1

 
$
36.9

 
$
66.1

 
$
55.0

 
Adjustment for earnings attributable to participating securities
(1.0
)
 
(0.7
)
 
(1.3
)
 
(1.0
)
 
Net income used in calculating earnings per share
$
48.1

 
$
36.2

 
$
64.8

 
$
54.0

 
Weighted-average common shares outstanding including participating securities (in millions)
119.2

 
119.7

 
119.0

 
119.8

 
Adjustment for participating securities (in millions)
(2.5
)
 
(2.4
)
 
(2.3
)
 
(2.2
)
 
Shares used in calculating basic earnings per share (in millions)
116.7

 
117.3

 
116.7

 
117.6

 
Effect of dilutive stock-based compensation (in millions)

 
0.2

 

 
0.2

 
Shares used in calculating diluted earnings per share (in millions)
116.7

 
117.5

 
116.7

 
117.8

 
Earnings per share:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
Basic
$
0.41

 
$
0.31

 
$
0.56

 
$
0.46

 
Diluted
$
0.41

 
$
0.31

 
$
0.56

 
$
0.46

 
Total common shares outstanding at period end (in millions)
116.7

 
116.0

 
116.7

 
116.0

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Anti-dilutive performance units excluded from the computation of diluted earnings per share (in millions)
0.5

 
0.5

 
0.5

 
0.5

 

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Table of Contents
STEELCASE INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

5.
ACCUMULATED OTHER COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)
The following table summarizes the changes in accumulated balances of other comprehensive income (loss) for the three months ended August 24, 2018:
 
Unrealized gain (loss) on investments
Pension and other post-retirement liability adjustments
Foreign currency translation adjustments
Total
Balance as of May 25, 2018
$
(0.2
)
 
$
13.9

 
$
(36.9
)
 
$
(23.2
)
 
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications
0.2

 
0.3

 
(6.5
)
 
(6.0
)
 
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)

 
(1.1
)
 
0.1

 
(1.0
)
 
Net current period other comprehensive income (loss)
0.2

 
(0.8
)
 
(6.4
)
 
(7.0
)
 
Balance as of August 24, 2018
$

 
$
13.1

 
$
(43.3
)
 
$
(30.2
)
 
The following table summarizes the changes in accumulated balances of other comprehensive income (loss) for the six months ended August 24, 2018:
 
Unrealized gain (loss) on investments
Pension and other post-retirement liability adjustments
Foreign currency translation adjustments
Total
Balance as of February 23, 2018
$
(0.3
)
 
$
14.7

 
$
(24.7
)
 
$
(10.3
)
 
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications
0.3

 
0.7

 
(18.7
)
 
(17.7
)
 
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)

 
(2.3
)
 
0.1

 
(2.2
)
 
Net current period other comprehensive income (loss)
0.3

 
(1.6
)
 
(18.6
)
 
(19.9
)
 
Balance as of August 24, 2018
$

 
$
13.1

 
$
(43.3
)
 
$
(30.2
)
 
The following table provides details about reclassifications out of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) for the three and six months ended August 24, 2018 and August 25, 2017:
Detail of Accumulated Other
Comprehensive Income (Loss) Components
Amounts Reclassified from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
Affected Line in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income
Three Months Ended
Six Months Ended
August 24,
2018
August 25,
2017
August 24, 2018
August 25, 2017
Amortization of pension and other post-retirement liability adjustments
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Actuarial losses (gains) (1)
(0.8
)
 
(0.8
)
 
(1.7
)
 
(1.6
)
 
Other income (expense), net
Prior service cost (credit) (1)
(0.6
)
 
(1.7
)
 
(1.2
)
 
(3.5
)
 
Other income (expense), net
Settlements - Actuarial losses (gains) (1)

 

 

 
7.1

 
Other income (expense), net
Foreign currency translation
0.1

 

 
0.1

 

 
Other income (expense), net
 
0.3

 
1.0

 
0.6

 
(0.2
)
 
Income tax expense
Total reclassifications
$
(1.0
)
 
$
(1.5
)
 
$
(2.2
)
 
$
1.8

 
Net income
_____________________________________
(1)
Reclassified from Cost of sales and Operating expenses to Other income (expense), net as a result of the adoption of ASU 2017-07.

9

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STEELCASE INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

6.
FAIR VALUE
The carrying amounts for many of our financial instruments, including cash and cash equivalents, accounts and notes receivable, accounts and notes payable, short-term borrowings and certain other liabilities, approximate their fair value due to their relatively short maturities. Our foreign exchange forward contracts and long-term investments are measured at fair value on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.
Our total debt is carried at cost and was $303.9 and $295.0 as of August 24, 2018 and February 23, 2018, respectively. The fair value of our total debt is measured using a discounted cash flow analysis based on current market interest rates for similar types of instruments and was approximately $320 and $316 as of August 24, 2018 and February 23, 2018, respectively. The estimation of the fair value of our total debt is based on Level 2 fair value measurements.
We periodically use derivative financial instruments to manage exposures to movements in foreign exchange rates and interest rates. The use of these financial instruments modifies the exposure of these risks with the intention to reduce our risk of short-term volatility. We do not use derivatives for speculative or trading purposes.
Assets and liabilities measured at fair value in our Consolidated Balance Sheets as of August 24, 2018 and February 23, 2018 are summarized below:
 
August 24, 2018
Fair Value of Financial Instruments
Level 1
Level 2
Level 3
Total
Assets:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
45.7

 
$

 
$

 
$
45.7

 
Restricted cash
3.5

 

 

 
3.5

 
Foreign exchange forward contracts

 
4.5

 

 
4.5

 
Auction rate securities

 

 
3.8

 
3.8

 
 
$
49.2

 
$
4.5

 
$
3.8

 
$
57.5

 
Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
  Foreign exchange forward contracts

 
(0.4
)
 

 
(0.4
)
 
 
$

 
$
(0.4
)
 
$

 
$
(0.4
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
February 23, 2018
Fair Value of Financial Instruments
Level 1
Level 2
Level 3
Total
Assets:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
283.1

 
$

 
$

 
$
283.1

 
Restricted cash
2.5

 

 

 
2.5

 
Foreign exchange forward contracts

 
2.1

 

 
2.1

 
Auction rate securities

 

 
3.5

 
3.5

 
 
$
285.6

 
$
2.1

 
$
3.5

 
$
291.2

 
Liabilities:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
Foreign exchange forward contracts

 
(1.4
)
 

 
(1.4
)
 
 
$

 
$
(1.4
)
 
$

 
$
(1.4
)
 


10

Table of Contents
STEELCASE INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

Below is a roll-forward of assets and liabilities measured at fair value using Level 3 inputs for the six months ended August 24, 2018:
Roll-Forward of Fair Value Using Level 3 Inputs
Auction Rate Securities
Balance as of February 23, 2018
$
3.5

 
Unrealized gain on investments
0.3

 
Balance as of August 24, 2018
$
3.8

 
7.
INVENTORIES
Inventories
August 24,
2018
February 23,
2018
Raw materials and work-in-process
$
114.8

 
$
98.3

 
Finished goods
138.1

 
105.3

 
 
252.9

 
203.6

 
Revaluation to LIFO
20.6

 
19.0

 
 
$
232.3

 
$
184.6

 
The portion of inventories determined by the LIFO method was $93.5 and $76.3 as of August 24, 2018 and February 23, 2018, respectively.
8.
SHORT-TERM BORROWINGS
On July 12, 2018, we amended our $125 global committed bank facility, which expires in 2022. The amendment increased the aggregate unsecured revolving loan commitment under the credit agreement to $200, and we retained the ability to further increase the aggregate commitment under the facility by up to $75, by obtaining at least one commitment from one or more lenders.  As of August 24, 2018, our total borrowings under the facility were $8.3. Current outstanding borrowings under the facility have an effective interest rate of 3.0%.
We can use borrowings under the facility for general corporate purposes, including friendly acquisitions. Interest on borrowings is based on the rate, as selected by us, between the following two options:
the Eurocurrency rate plus the applicable margin as set forth in the credit agreement, for interest periods of one, two, three or six months; or
for floating rate loans (as defined in the credit agreement), the greatest of the prime rate, the Federal funds effective rate plus 0.5%, and the Eurocurrency rate for a one month interest period plus 1%, plus the applicable margin as set forth in the credit agreement.
Up to $25 of the aggregate commitment can be borrowed under a swing line provision, at an agreed upon rate between the borrower and the swing line lender.
The facility continues to require us to satisfy two financial covenants:
A maximum leverage ratio covenant, which is measured by the ratio of (x) indebtedness, minus the amount, if any, of unrestricted cash in excess of $25, to (y) trailing four quarter adjusted EBITDA and is required to be less than 3:1. In the context of certain permitted acquisitions, we have a one-time ability, subject to certain conditions, to increase the maximum ratio to 3.25:1 for four consecutive quarters.
A minimum interest coverage ratio covenant, which is measured by the ratio of (y) trailing four quarter adjusted EBITDA to (z) trailing four quarter interest expense and is required to be no less than 3.5:1.
The facility does not include any restrictions on cash dividend payments or share repurchases.  As of August 24, 2018, we were in compliance with all covenants under the facility.

11

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STEELCASE INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

9.
INCOME TAXES
In Q4 2018, the U.S. government enacted the Tax Act, which was effective January 1, 2018. The Tax Act makes broad and complex changes to the U.S. tax code that affect 2018 and future periods. The following is a summary of the key corporate income tax provisions of the Tax Act:
reduced the U.S. federal corporate income tax rate from 35% to 21%,
implemented a one-time tax on the deemed repatriation of undistributed non-U.S. subsidiary earnings and generally eliminated U.S. federal corporate income taxes on dividends from foreign subsidiaries,
included global intangible low-taxed income ("GILTI") provisions, which impose a tax on foreign income in excess of a deemed return on tangible assets of foreign corporations, and
included base-erosion and anti-abuse tax provisions, which eliminate the deduction of certain base-erosion payments made to related foreign corporations, and imposed a minimum tax if greater than regular tax.
As of August 24, 2018, the amounts we have recorded for the Tax Act remain provisional for the deemed repatriation tax, the remeasurement of deferred taxes, our reassessment of permanently reinvested earnings, uncertain tax positions and valuation allowances. These amounts may be impacted by further analysis and future clarification and guidance regarding available tax accounting methods and elections, earnings and profits computations, state tax conformity to federal tax changes and the impact of the GILTI provisions.
As of August 24, 2018, we were unable to reasonably estimate, and therefore have not recorded, deferred taxes with respect to the GILTI provisions. We have not yet determined our policy election with respect to whether to record deferred taxes on basis differences that are expected to affect the amount of GILTI inclusions upon reversal or to record the impact of the GILTI tax in the period in which that tax is incurred.

12

Table of Contents
STEELCASE INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

10.
SHARE-BASED COMPENSATION
Performance Units
During the six months ended August 24, 2018, we awarded 183,900 performance units ("PSUs") to certain key employees. The PSUs awarded are earned after a three-year performance period, from 2019 through 2021, based on achievement of certain total shareholder return results relative to a comparison group of companies, which is a market condition, and, if earned, will be issued in the form of shares of Class A Common Stock. The number of shares that may be earned can range from 0% to 200% of the target amount; therefore, the maximum number of shares that can be issued under these awards is 367,800. These PSUs are expensed and recorded in Additional paid-in capital on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets over the performance period. We used the Monte Carlo simulation model to calculate the fair value of these PSUs on the date of grant. The model resulted in a weighted average grant date fair value of $18.02 per unit for these PSUs, compared to $21.76 and $16.33 per unit for similar PSUs granted in 2018 and 2017, respectively.
The weighted average grant date fair values were determined using the following assumptions:
 
2019 Awards
2018 Awards
2017 Awards
Three-year risk-free interest rate (1)
2.6
%
1.4
%
0.9
%
Expected term
3 years

3 years

3 years

Estimated volatility (2)
33.8
%
31.8
%
31.2
%
_______________________________________
(1)
Based on the U.S. government bond benchmark on the grant date.
(2)
Represents the historical price volatility of the Company’s common stock for the three-year period preceding the grant date.
The total PSU expense and associated tax benefit for all outstanding awards for the three and six months ended August 24, 2018 and August 25, 2017 are as follows:
 
Three Months Ended
Six Months Ended
Performance Units
August 24,
2018
August 25,
2017
August 24,
2018
August 25,
2017
Expense
$
1.2

 
$
0.9

 
$
3.5

 
$
2.5

 
Tax benefit
0.4

 
0.3

 
1.0

 
0.9

 
As of August 24, 2018, there was $1.6 of remaining unrecognized compensation cost related to nonvested PSUs, which is expected to be recognized over a remaining weighted-average period of 1.9 years.
The PSU activity for the six months ended August 24, 2018 is as follows:
Maximum Number of Shares That May Be Issued Under Nonvested Units
Total
Weighted-Average
Grant Date
Fair Value per Unit
Nonvested as of February 23, 2018
688,600

$
18.77

Granted
367,800

18.02

Nonvested as of August 24, 2018
1,056,400

$
18.50

Restricted Stock Units
During the six months ended August 24, 2018, we awarded 717,804 restricted stock units ("RSUs") to certain employees. These RSUs have restrictions on transfer which lapse three years after the date of grant, at which time the units will be issued as unrestricted shares of Class A Common Stock. RSUs are expensed and recorded in Additional paid-in capital on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets over the requisite service period based on the value of the underlying shares on the date of grant.

13

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STEELCASE INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

The RSU expense and associated tax benefit for all outstanding awards for the three and six months ended August 24, 2018 and August 25, 2017 are as follows:
 
Three Months Ended
Six Months Ended
Restricted Stock Units
August 24,
2018
August 25,
2017
August 24,
2018
August 25,
2017
Expense
$
2.3

 
$
2.2

 
$
9.0

 
$
8.8

 
Tax benefit
0.6

 
0.8

 
2.4

 
3.2

 
As of August 24, 2018, there was $9.0 of remaining unrecognized compensation cost related to nonvested RSUs, which is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of 1.9 years.
The RSU activity for the six months ended August 24, 2018 is as follows:
Nonvested Units
Total
Weighted-Average
Grant Date
Fair Value
per Unit
Nonvested as of February 23, 2018
1,789,775

$
15.75

Granted
717,804

14.28

Vested
(20,428
)
18.24

Forfeited
(22,389
)
15.73

Nonvested as of August 24, 2018
2,464,762

$
15.30


14

Table of Contents
STEELCASE INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

11.
ACQUISITIONS
Smith System
On July 12, 2018, we acquired Smith System Manufacturing Company ("Smith System"), a Texas-based manufacturer of high quality furniture for the pre-K-12 education market. The total purchase price for the acquisition was $140.0, payable in cash, plus a net adjustment for working capital of $8.4. In addition, we funded $5.0 to a third-party escrow account, which is payable to the seller at the end of two years based on continued employment. The acquisition was funded through a combination of domestic cash on-hand and short-term borrowings under our global credit facility.
Smith System is an industry leader in the U.S. pre-K-12 education market. The acquisition is expected to advance our growth strategy in the education and office markets particularly as it relates to collaborative spaces. The synergies between our existing education brand and the Smith portfolio are expected to be realized as we offer their products to our existing dealer network and expand the business internationally.
Tangible assets and liabilities of Smith System were valued as of the acquisition date using a market analysis and intangible assets were valued using a discounted cash flow analysis, which represents a Level 3 measurement. On the acquisition date, we recorded $44.1 related to identifiable intangible assets, $79.3 related to goodwill and $25.0 related to tangible assets, mainly consisting of working capital items such as accounts receivable, inventory and current liabilities. The entire amount recorded to goodwill is deductible for U.S. income tax purposes and is recorded in the Americas segment. Intangible assets are principally related to internally-developed know-how and designs, dealer relationships and the Smith System trade name, which will be amortized over periods ranging between 9 to 11 years.
The purchase price allocation for the Smith System acquisition was incomplete as of August 24, 2018. We are still evaluating certain working capital adjustments, as well as the reporting unit to which the goodwill resulting from the Smith System acquisition will be allocated for future impairment testing purposes.
The following table summarizes the acquired identified intangible assets and the respective fair value and useful life of each asset at the date of acquisition:
 
Other Intangible Assets
Weighted
Average
Useful Life
(Years)
Fair Value
 
 
Know-how/designs
9.0

 
$
16.0

 
 
Dealer relationships
11.0

 
12.0

 
 
Trademark
9.0

 
12.0

 
 
Other
0.9

 
4.1

 
 
 
 
 
$
44.1

 
    
The fair value of the acquired intangible assets will be amortized on a straight-line basis over the remaining useful life. The estimated amortization expense for the next five years is as follows:
Fiscal Year Ending in February
Amount
2019
$
5.9

 
2020
4.8

 
2021
4.4

 
2022
4.2

 
2023
4.2

 
 
$
23.5

 

15

Table of Contents
STEELCASE INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

AMQ
On December 26, 2017, we acquired AMQ Solutions ("AMQ"), a California-based provider of height-adjustable desking, benching and seating for workstations in the open plan, collaborative environments and training rooms. In addition, we acquired certain assets of an affiliated company, Tricom Vision Limited. The total purchase price for the acquisition was $69.9, which was primarily funded by the liquidation of short-term investments. Up to an additional $5.0 is payable to the sellers contingent upon certain performance obligations being met over a two year period. This acquisition is expected to strengthen our reach within the industry by broadening our portfolio at lower price points. The goodwill resulting from the acquisition consists largely of economies of scale expected from integrating AMQ into our existing dealer network.
Tangible assets and liabilities of AMQ were valued as of the acquisition date using a market analysis and intangible assets were valued using a discounted cash flow analysis, which represents a Level 3 measurement. On the acquisition date, we recorded $30.1 related to identifiable intangible assets, $31.5 to goodwill and approximately $12.5 related to working capital items such as accounts receivable, inventories and accounts payable. The entire amount recorded to goodwill is recorded in the Americas segment and is deductible for U.S. income tax purposes. Intangibles are principally related to dealer relationships which will be amortized over 11 years.
In Q1 2019, we recorded measurement period adjustments of $0.5 related to a decrease in net working capital and a decrease of $0.2 to the contingent liability payable to the sellers for certain liabilities existing prior to the opening balance sheet date. These adjustments increased goodwill by $0.3, and all amounts referenced above are inclusive of these measurement period adjustments. No measurement period adjustments were recorded in Q2 2019.
The purchase price allocation for the AMQ acquisition was incomplete as of August 24, 2018. We are still evaluating certain working capital adjustments, as well as the reporting unit to which the goodwill resulting from the AMQ acquisition will be allocated for future impairment testing purposes.
The following table summarizes the acquired identified intangible assets and the respective fair value and useful life of each asset at the date of acquisition:
 
Other Intangible Assets
Weighted
Average
Useful Life
(Years)
Fair Value
 
 
Dealer relationships
11.0

 
$
25.5

 
 
Trademark
9.0

 
1.3

 
 
Other
4.6

 
3.3

 
 
 
 
 
$
30.1

 
The fair value of the acquired intangible assets will be amortized on a straight-line basis over the remaining useful life. The estimated amortization expense for the next five years is as follows:
Fiscal Year Ending in February
Amount
2019
$
3.2

 
2020
3.1

 
2021
3.0

 
2022
3.0

 
2023
3.0

 
 
$
15.3

 

16

Table of Contents
STEELCASE INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

12.
REPORTABLE SEGMENTS
Our reportable segments consist of the Americas segment, the EMEA segment and the Other category. Unallocated corporate costs are reported as Corporate.
The Americas segment serves customers in the U.S., Canada, the Caribbean Islands and Latin America with a portfolio of integrated architecture, furniture and technology products marketed to corporate, government, healthcare, education and retail customers through the Steelcase, Coalesse, Turnstone, Smith System, and AMQ brands.
The EMEA segment serves customers in Europe, the Middle East and Africa primarily under the Steelcase and Coalesse brands, with an emphasis on freestanding furniture systems, storage and seating solutions.
The Other category includes Asia Pacific, Designtex and PolyVision. Asia Pacific serves customers in Asia and Australia primarily under the Steelcase brand with an emphasis on freestanding furniture systems, seating and storage solutions. Designtex primarily sells textiles, wall coverings and surface imaging solutions specified by architects and designers directly to end-use customers through a direct sales force primarily in North America. PolyVision manufactures ceramic steel surfaces for use in various applications globally, including static whiteboards and chalkboards sold through third party fabricators and distributors to the primary and secondary education markets and architectural panels and other special applications sold through general contractors for commercial and infrastructure projects.
We primarily review and evaluate operating income by segment in both our internal review processes and for our external financial reporting. We also allocate resources primarily based on operating income. Total assets by segment include manufacturing and other assets associated with each segment.
Corporate costs include unallocated portions of shared service functions, such as information technology, corporate facilities, finance, human resources, research, legal and customer aviation, plus deferred compensation expense and income or losses associated with COLI. Corporate assets consist primarily of unallocated cash and COLI.
Revenue and operating income (loss) for the three and six months ended August 24, 2018 and August 25, 2017 and total assets as of August 24, 2018 and February 23, 2018 by segment are presented below:
 
Three Months Ended
Six Months Ended
Reportable Segment Statement of Operations Data
August 24,
2018
August 25,
2017
August 24,
2018
August 25,
2017
Revenue
 

 
 

 
 
 
 
 
Americas
$
654.1

 
$
568.5

 
$
1,189.9

 
$
1,103.5

 
EMEA
133.2

 
118.2

 
270.6

 
231.3

 
Other
88.5

 
88.9

 
169.3

 
175.9

 
 
$
875.8

 
$
775.6

 
$
1,629.8

 
$
1,510.7

 
Operating income (loss)
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
Americas
$
77.2

 
$
55.5

 
$
106.9

 
$
98.4

 
EMEA
(6.0
)
 
(3.6
)
 
(7.7
)
 
(12.2
)
 
Other
4.8

 
6.8

 
6.4

 
16.3

 
Corporate
(8.1
)
 
(6.5
)
 
(14.4
)
 
(15.2
)
 
 
$
67.9

 
$
52.2

 
$
91.2

 
$
87.3

 
Reportable Segment Balance Sheet Data
August 24,
2018
February 23,
2018
Total assets
 

 
 

 
Americas
$
1,179.3

 
$
943.2

 
EMEA
288.7

 
300.3

 
Other
215.9

 
209.1

 
Corporate
200.9

 
406.6

 
 
$
1,884.8

 
$
1,859.2

 

17

Table of Contents
STEELCASE INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

13.
SUBSEQUENT EVENTS
On September 19, 2018, we acquired Orangebox Group Limited ("Orangebox"), a U.K.-based manufacturer of task seating, privacy solutions and collaborative furniture. The transaction included the purchase of all of the outstanding capital stock of Orangebox for $78.9 (or £60.0) less an adjustment for working capital of $0.1 in an all-cash transaction. An additional $3.9 (or £3.0) is payable to one of the sellers over three years, contingent upon the achievement of certain business performance obligations. The acquisition was funded by borrowings under our global committed bank facility.
On September 19, 2018, we borrowed $79.0 under our global committed bank facility to fund the acquisition of Orangebox. The amount borrowed is subject to an initial rate of interest equal to 3.3% per annum.

18

Table of Contents

Item 2.
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations:
This management’s discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended February 23, 2018. Reference to a year relates to the fiscal year, ended in February of the year indicated, rather than the calendar year, unless indicated by a specific date. Additionally, Q1, Q2, Q3 and Q4 reference the first, second, third and fourth quarter, respectively, of the fiscal year indicated. All amounts are in millions, except share and per share data, data presented as a percentage or as otherwise indicated.
Non-GAAP Financial Measure
This item contains a non-GAAP financial measure. A “non-GAAP financial measure” is defined as a numerical measure of a company’s financial performance that excludes or includes amounts so as to be different than the most directly comparable measure calculated and presented in accordance with GAAP in the condensed consolidated statements of income, balance sheets or statements of cash flows of the company. Pursuant to the requirements of Regulation G, we have provided a reconciliation below of the non-GAAP financial measure to the most directly comparable GAAP financial measure.
The non-GAAP financial measure used is organic revenue growth (decline), which represents the change in revenue excluding estimated currency translation effects and the impacts of acquisitions and divestitures. This measure is presented because management uses this information to monitor and evaluate financial results and trends. Therefore, management believes this information is also useful for investors.
Financial Summary

Our reportable segments consist of the Americas segment, the EMEA segment and the Other category. Unallocated corporate costs are reported as Corporate.
Results of Operations
 
Three Months Ended
Six Months Ended
Statement of Operations Data
August 24,
2018
August 25,
2017
August 24,
2018
August 25,
2017
Revenue
$
875.8

 
100.0
 %
 
$
775.6

 
100.0
 %
 
$
1,629.8

 
100.0
 %
 
$
1,510.7

 
100.0
 %
Cost of sales
587.2

 
67.0

 
518.3

 
66.8

 
1,103.3

 
67.7

 
1,008.3

 
66.7

Gross profit
288.6

 
33.0

 
257.3

 
33.2

 
526.5

 
32.3

 
502.4

 
33.3

Operating expenses
220.7

 
25.2

 
205.1

 
26.5

 
435.3

 
26.7

 
415.1

 
27.5

Operating income
67.9

 
7.8

 
52.2

 
6.7

 
91.2

 
5.6

 
87.3

 
5.8

Interest expense
(4.9
)
 
(0.6
)
 
(4.4
)
 
(0.6
)
 
(9.3
)
 
(0.6
)
 
(8.7
)
 
(0.7
)
Investment income
0.5

 
0.1

 
0.4

 
0.1

 
1.5

 
0.1

 
0.8

 
0.1

Other income (expense), net
3.7

 
0.4

 
2.5

 
0.3

 
7.0

 
0.4

 
(0.3
)
 

Income before income tax expense
67.2

 
7.7

 
50.7

 
6.5

 
90.4

 
5.5

 
79.1

 
5.2

Income tax expense
18.1

 
2.1

 
13.8

 
1.7

 
24.3

 
1.4

 
24.1

 
1.6

Net income
$
49.1

 
5.6
 %
 
$
36.9

 
4.8
 %
 
$
66.1

 
4.1
 %
 
$
55.0

 
3.6
 %
Earnings per share:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Basic
$
0.41

 
 

 
$
0.31

 
 

 
$
0.56

 
 

 
$
0.46

 
 

Diluted
$
0.41

 
 

 
$
0.31

 
 

 
$
0.56

 
 

 
$
0.46

 
 


19

Table of Contents

Q2 2019 Organic Revenue Growth
Americas
EMEA
Other
Consolidated
Q2 2018 revenue
$
568.5

 
$
118.2

 
$
88.9

 
$
775.6

 
Acquisitions
38.5

 

 

 
38.5

 
Divestitures
(5.3
)
 
(0.5
)
 

 
(5.8
)
 
Currency translation effects*
(0.4
)
 
2.0

 
(0.8
)
 
0.8

 
   Q2 2018 revenue, adjusted
601.3

 
119.7

 
88.1

 
809.1

 
Q2 2019 revenue
654.1

 
133.2

 
88.5

 
875.8

 
Organic growth $
$
52.8

 
$
13.5

 
$
0.4

 
$
66.7

 
Organic growth %
9
%
 
11
%
 
%
 
8
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
* Currency translation effects represent the estimated net effect of translating Q2 2018 foreign currency revenues using the average exchange rates during Q2 2019.

Year-to-Date 2019 Organic Revenue Growth (Decline)
Americas
EMEA
Other
Consolidated
Year-to-date 2018 revenue
$
1,103.5

 
$
231.3

 
$
175.9

 
$
1,510.7

 
Acquisitions
47.4

 

 

 
47.4

 
Divestitures
(9.9
)
 
(1.2
)
 

 
(11.1
)
 
Currency translation effects*
1.2

 
16.5

 
1.4

 
19.1

 
  Year-to-date 2018 revenue, adjusted
1,142.2

 
246.6

 
177.3

 
1,566.1

 
Year-to-date 2019 revenue
1,189.9

 
270.6

 
169.3

 
1,629.8

 
Organic growth (decline) $
$
47.7

 
$
24.0

 
$
(8.0
)
 
$
63.7

 
Organic growth (decline) %
4
%
 
10
%
 
(5
)%
 
4
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
* Currency translation effects represent the estimated net effect of translating year-to-date 2018 foreign currency revenues using the average exchange rates during year-to-date 2019.
 
Overview
In Q2 2019, we reported strong earnings growth compared to the prior year, driven by strong revenue growth and relatively flat spending as a percentage of revenue. Revenue grew by 13% compared to the prior year, driven by revenue from the acquisitions of Smith System and AMQ and organic revenue growth in the Americas and EMEA, which included increased project business from both large and small customers. In the Americas, our order growth outpaced the industry in the trailing six months ended in July, and order backlog in the Americas and EMEA were up 11% and 34%, respectively, at the end of the quarter compared to the prior year. Higher commodity and freight costs were mostly offset by the benefits of pricing actions but had a negative impact on our gross margin, and we experienced unfavorable shifts in business mix during the second quarter.
Q2 2019 Compared to Q2 2018
We recorded net income of $49.1 and diluted earnings per share of $0.41 in Q2 2019. In the prior year, we recorded net income of $36.9 and diluted earnings per share of $0.31. Operating income of $67.9 in Q2 2019 represented an increase of $15.7, or 110 basis points as a percentage of revenue, compared to the prior year driven by the Americas. The improvement in the Americas was driven by higher revenue and lower operating expenses as a percentage of revenue, partially offset by higher cost of sales as a percentage of revenue.
Revenue of $875.8 in Q2 2019 represented an increase of $100.2 or 13% compared to the prior year. Smith System and AMQ, net of divestitures, represented $45.5 of the increase, with the remaining growth driven by strong project business from both large and small customers in the Americas and EMEA. Revenue grew by 15% in the Americas and 13% in EMEA, while the Other category was approximately flat compared to a strong prior year. After adjusting for a $38.5 impact of acquisitions, a $5.8 unfavorable impact of divestitures and $0.8 of favorable currency translation effects, organic revenue growth was $66.7 or approximately 8% compared to the prior year. On an organic basis, revenue growth was 9% in the Americas and 11% in EMEA.

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Cost of sales as a percentage of revenue increased by 20 basis points to 67.0% of revenue in Q2 2019 compared to Q2 2018. The increase was driven primarily by a 30 basis point increase in the Americas and a 20 basis point increase in EMEA, partially offset by a 110 basis point decrease in the Other category. In the Americas, approximately $10 of higher commodity and freight costs were mostly offset by benefits from pricing actions but had an unfavorable net impact of approximately 70 basis points on cost of sales as a percentage of revenue. The Americas results also reflected unfavorable shifts in business mix, which were more than offset by higher absorption of fixed costs, and warranty and workers' compensation costs that were $4.3 lower than the prior year. Favorable impacts from the acquisition of Smith System, which realizes a majority of their revenue during the summer months, were largely offset by the initial effects of purchase accounting. The increase in EMEA was driven by unfavorable shifts in business mix and negative effects of changes in foreign currencies, partially offset by higher absorption of fixed costs. The decrease in the Other category was driven by higher absorption of fixed costs.
Operating expenses of $220.7 in Q2 2019 represented an increase of $15.6, but declined as a percentage of revenue compared to the prior year. The increase was due to $9.7 from acquisitions, net of divestitures (including $4.2 of amortization expense) and $7.9 of higher variable compensation expense, partially offset by $3.5 of higher property gains ($7.5 in the Americas in the current year compared to $4.0 in EMEA in the prior year). Operating expenses as a percentage of sales improved by 130 basis points compared to the prior year.
Our effective tax rate in Q2 2019 was 26.9% compared to a Q2 2018 effective tax rate of 27.2%. The Q2 2019 rate reflected the impact of tax reform in the U.S. The Q2 2018 rate was lower than the federal statutory rate due to a $3.9 favorable tax adjustment.
Year-to-Date 2019 Compared to Year-to-Date 2018
We recorded year-to-date 2019 net income of $66.1 and diluted earnings per share of $0.56, compared to year-to-date 2018 net income of $55.0 and diluted earnings per share of $0.46. The year-to-date 2018 results included the net impact of the annuitization of three small defined benefit plans, which reduced diluted earnings per share by $0.03. Year-to-date 2019 operating income increased $3.9 to $91.2 compared to the prior year. The increase was driven by the same factors as the quarter.
Year-to-date 2019 revenue of $1,629.8 represented an increase of $119.1 or 8% compared to year-to-date 2018. The increase was driven by 8% growth in the Americas and 17% growth in EMEA, partially offset by a 4% decline in the Other category, which compared to a strong prior year. Smith System and AMQ, net of divestitures, represented $51.1 of the increase, with the remaining growth driven by strong project business from both large and small customers in the Americas and EMEA. After adjusting for a $47.4 impact of acquisitions, an $11.1 unfavorable impact of divestitures and $19.1 of favorable currency translation effects, organic revenue growth was $63.7 or 4%. On an organic basis, revenue increased by 4% in the Americas and 10% in EMEA, partially offset by a 5% decline in the Other category.
Cost of sales increased by 100 basis points to 67.7% of revenue in year-to-date 2019 compared to year-to-date 2018. The increase was due to a 120 basis point increase in the Americas and a 100 basis point increase in the Other category, partially offset by an improvement of 120 basis points in EMEA. The increase in the Americas was driven by approximately $15 of higher commodity and freight costs and unfavorable shifts in business mix, partially offset by the benefits of pricing actions, $3.9 of lower warranty costs compared to the prior year and higher absorption of fixed costs. Favorable impacts from the acquisition of Smith System, which realizes a majority of their revenue during the summer months, were largely offset by the initial effects of purchase accounting. The improvement in EMEA was driven by higher absorption of fixed costs and benefits associated with cost reduction efforts, partially offset by unfavorable shifts in business mix. The increase in the Other category was driven primarily by an increase in inventory reserves.
Operating expenses of $435.3 in year-to-date 2019 represented an increase of $20.2 or a decline of 80 basis points as a percentage of revenue compared to the prior year. The increase was driven primarily by $11.9 from acquisitions, net of divestitures (including $5.1 of amortization expense), $6.1 of higher variable compensation expense and $4.2 of unfavorable currency translation effects, partially offset by $3.5 of higher property gains.
Our year-to-date 2019 effective tax rate was 26.9% compared to a year-to-date 2018 effective tax rate of 30.5%. The rates were driven by the same factors as the quarter.


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Interest Expense, Investment Income and Other Income (Expense), Net
 
Three Months Ended
Six Months Ended
Interest Expense, Investment Income and Other Income (Expense), Net
August 24,
2018
August 25,
2017
August 24,
2018
August 25,
2017
Interest expense
$
(4.9
)
 
$
(4.4
)
 
$
(9.3
)
 
$
(8.7
)
 
Investment income
0.5

 
0.4

 
1.5

 
0.8

 
Other income (expense), net:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
Equity in income of unconsolidated affiliates
3.4

 
2.6

 
6.8

 
5.6

 
Foreign exchange gains (losses)
0.4

 
(0.2
)
 
0.5

 
(2.2
)
 
Net periodic pension and post-retirement credit (expense), excluding service cost
1.0

 
2.0

 
1.9

 
(3.2
)
 
Miscellaneous, net
(1.1
)
 
(1.9
)
 
(2.2
)
 
(0.5
)
 
Total other income (expense), net
3.7

 
2.5

 
7.0

 
(0.3
)
 
Total interest expense, investment income and other income (expense), net
$
(0.7
)
 
$
(1.5
)
 
$
(0.8
)
 
$
(8.2
)
 
Net periodic pension and post-retirement credit (expense), excluding service cost in year-to-date 2018 includes charges related to the annuitization of three small defined benefit plans in Q1 2018.
Business Segment Review
See Note 9 to the condensed consolidated financial statements for additional information regarding our business segments.
Americas
The Americas segment serves customers in the U.S., Canada, the Caribbean Islands and Latin America with a portfolio of integrated architecture, furniture and technology products marketed to corporate, government, healthcare, education and retail customers through the Steelcase, Coalesse, Turnstone, Smith System and AMQ brands.
 
Three Months Ended
Six Months Ended
Statement of Operations Data — Americas
August 24,
2018
August 25,
2017
August 24,
2018
August 25,
2017
Revenue
$
654.1

 
100.0
%
 
$
568.5

 
100.0
%
 
$
1,189.9

 
100.0
%
 
$
1,103.5

 
100.0
%
Cost of sales
432.6

 
66.1

 
373.8

 
65.8

 
796.2

 
66.9

 
724.6

 
65.7

Gross profit
221.5

 
33.9

 
194.7

 
34.2

 
393.7

 
33.1

 
378.9

 
34.3

Operating expenses
144.3

 
22.1

 
139.2

 
24.4

 
286.8

 
24.1

 
280.5

 
25.4

Operating income
$
77.2

 
11.8
%
 
$
55.5

 
9.8
%
 
$
106.9

 
9.0
%
 
$
98.4

 
8.9
%
Operating income in the Americas increased by $21.7 and $8.5, or 200 basis points and 10 basis points as a percentage of revenue, in Q2 2019 and year-to-date 2019, respectively, compared to the prior year. The increases were driven by higher revenue and lower operating expenses as a percentage of revenue, partially offset by higher cost of sales as a percentage of revenue.
The Americas revenue represented 74.7% of consolidated revenue in Q2 2019. Q2 2019 revenue of $654.1 represented an increase of $85.6 or 15%, compared to the prior year. Smith System and AMQ net of a small divestiture, represented $46.0 of the increase, with the remaining growth driven by strong project business from both large and small customers and benefits from recent pricing actions. After adjusting for a $38.5 impact of acquisitions, a $5.3 unfavorable impact of a divestiture, and $0.4 of unfavorable currency translation effects, organic revenue growth in Q2 2019 was $52.8 or 9% compared to the prior year.
Year-to-date 2019 revenue of $1,189.9 represented an increase of $86.4 or 8% compared to year-to-date 2018. Smith System and AMQ, net of a small divestiture, represented $52.3 of the increase, and growth from continuing agreements and marketing programs was partially offset by a decline in project business, which included $20 from a very large project in Q1 2018. After adjusting for a $47.4 impact due to acquisitions, a $9.9 unfavorable impact due to a divestiture and $1.2 of favorable currency translation effects, year-to-date 2019 organic revenue growth was $47.7 or 4% compared to the prior year.

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Cost of sales as a percentage of revenue increased by 30 basis points in Q2 2019 compared to Q2 2018. Higher commodity and freight costs of approximately $10 were mostly offset by benefits from pricing actions but had an unfavorable net impact of approximately 70 basis points on cost of sales as a percentage of revenue. The Americas results also reflected unfavorable shifts in business mix, which were more than offset by higher absorption of fixed costs, and warranty and workers' compensation costs that were $4.3 lower than the prior year. Favorable impacts from the acquisition of Smith System, which realizes a majority of their revenue during the summer months, were largely offset by the initial effects of purchase accounting. Year-to-date 2019 cost of sales as a percentage of revenue increased by 120 basis points compared to the prior year. The increase was driven by approximately $15 of higher commodity and freight costs and unfavorable shifts in business mix, partially offset by the benefits of pricing actions and $3.9 of lower warranty costs compared to the prior year.
Operating expenses in Q2 2019 increased by $5.1, but declined as a percentage of revenue compared to the prior year. The increase was due primarily to $10.0 from acquisitions, net of a divestiture (including $5.1 of amortization expense) and $5.8 of higher variable compensation, partially offset by a $7.5 gain on the sale of property. Operating expenses increased by $6.3 in year-to-date 2019 compared to the prior year and the increase was driven by the same factors as the quarter.
EMEA
The EMEA segment serves customers in Europe, the Middle East and Africa primarily under the Steelcase and Coalesse brands, with an emphasis on freestanding furniture systems, seating and storage solutions.
 
Three Months Ended
Six Months Ended
Statement of Operations Data — EMEA
August 24,
2018
August 25,
2017
August 24,
2018
August 25,
2017
Revenue
$
133.2

 
100.0
 %
 
$
118.2

 
100.0
 %
 
$
270.6

 
100.0
 %
 
$
231.3

 
100.0
 %
Cost of sales
98.1

 
73.6

 
86.8

 
73.4

 
197.4

 
72.9

 
171.4

 
74.1

Gross profit
35.1

 
26.4

 
31.4

 
26.6

 
73.2

 
27.1

 
59.9

 
25.9

Operating expenses
41.1

 
30.9

 
35.0

 
29.6

 
80.9

 
29.9

 
72.1

 
31.2

Operating loss
$
(6.0
)
 
(4.5
)%
 
$
(3.6
)
 
(3.0
)%
 
$
(7.7
)
 
(2.8
)%
 
$
(12.2
)
 
(5.3
)%
The operating loss in EMEA in Q2 2019 was $6.0 compared to $3.6 in the prior year, which included a $4.0 gain on the sale of property. The operating loss in year-to-date 2019 was $7.7 compared to $12.2 in the prior year. Excluding the impact of the property sale in the prior year, the improved performance was driven by higher revenue and lower cost of sales and operating expenses as a percentage of revenue.
EMEA revenue represented 15.2% of consolidated revenue in Q2 2019. Revenue for Q2 2019 was $133.2 compared to $118.2 in Q2 2018. The $15.0 or 13% increase in revenue was driven by growth in Germany, the United Kingdom and France, partially offset by a decline in the Middle East. After adjusting for $2.0 of favorable currency translation effects and a $0.5 unfavorable impact of divestitures, organic revenue growth was $13.5 or 11%. For year-to-date 2019, revenue increased by $39.3 or 17% compared to the prior year. The increase was driven by $16.5 of favorable currency translation effects and higher revenue in Germany, the United Kingdom and Iberia, partially offset by a decline in the Middle East. After adjusting for $16.5 of favorable currency translation effects and a $1.2 unfavorable impact due to divestitures, organic revenue growth was $24.0 or 10% compared to the prior year.
Cost of sales as a percentage of revenue increased 20 basis points to 73.6% of revenue in Q2 2019 compared to the prior year. The increase was driven by unfavorable shifts in business mix and negative effects of changes in foreign currencies, partially offset by higher absorption of fixed costs. Cost of sales as a percentage of revenue decreased 120 basis points to 72.9% of revenue in year-to-date 2019 compared to the prior year. The improvement was driven by higher absorption of fixed costs and benefits associated with cost reduction efforts, partially offset by unfavorable shifts in business mix. Additionally, our pricing actions and other gross margin improvement initiatives offset the effects of inflation.
Operating expenses in Q2 2019 and year-to-date 2019 increased by $6.1 and $8.8, respectively, compared to the prior year, which included a $4.0 gain on the sale of property. Adjusted for the property gain in the prior year, the increase in Q2 2019 was due to higher variable compensation expense, and the increase in year-to-date 2019 was driven primarily by $4.7 of unfavorable currency translation effects.

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Table of Contents

Other
The Other category includes Asia Pacific, Designtex and PolyVision. Asia Pacific serves customers in Asia and Australia primarily under the Steelcase brand with an emphasis on freestanding furniture systems, seating and storage solutions. Designtex primarily sells textiles, wall coverings and surface imaging solutions specified by architects and designers directly to end-use customers through a direct sales force primarily in North America. PolyVision manufactures ceramic steel surfaces for use in various applications globally, including static whiteboards and chalkboards sold through third party fabricators and distributors to the primary and secondary education markets and architectural panels and other special applications sold through general contractors for commercial and infrastructure projects.
 
Three Months Ended
Six Months Ended
Statement of Operations Data — Other
August 24,
2018
August 25,
2017
August 24,
2018
August 25,
2017
Revenue
$
88.5

 
100.0
%
 
$
88.9

 
100.0
%
 
$
169.3

 
100.0
%
 
$
175.9

 
100.0