STEELCASE INC (Form: 10-Q, Received: 12/21/2016 15:25:07)
Table of Contents

 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
___________________________________________________________
FORM 10-Q
þ
 
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
 
For the quarterly period ended November 25, 2016
or
o
 
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from          to
Commission File Number 1-13873
___________________________________________________________
STEELCASE INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Michigan
 
38-0819050
(State or other jurisdiction
of incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. employer identification no.)
901 44th Street SE
Grand Rapids, Michigan
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
49508
(Zip Code)  

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code) (616) 247-2710
None
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes  þ      No  o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).  Yes  þ      No  o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
 
 
 
 
Large accelerated filer  þ
Accelerated filer  o
Non-accelerated filer  o
Smaller reporting company  o
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes  o      No  þ
As of December 19, 2016 , Steelcase Inc. had 85,897,803  shares of Class A Common Stock and 31,421,121  shares of Class B Common Stock outstanding.
 


Table of Contents

STEELCASE INC.
FORM 10-Q


FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED November 25, 2016

INDEX

 
 
Page No. 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 



Table of Contents

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1.
Financial Statements:

STEELCASE INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME (Unaudited)
(in millions, except per share data)

 
Three Months Ended
Nine Months Ended
 
November 25,
2016
November 27,
2015
November 25,
2016
November 27,
2015
Revenue
$
786.5

 
$
787.6

 
$
2,263.3

 
$
2,312.1

Cost of sales
524.6

 
531.6

 
1,504.3

 
1,564.5

Restructuring costs

 
2.5

 
4.2

 
10.7

Gross profit
261.9

 
253.5

 
754.8

 
736.9

Operating expenses
207.5

 
197.8

 
604.5

 
582.6

Restructuring costs (benefits)
(0.2
)
 
0.5

 
0.5

 
5.5

Operating income
54.6

 
55.2

 
149.8

 
148.8

Interest expense
(4.3
)
 
(4.5
)
 
(12.9
)
 
(13.2
)
Investment income
0.4

 
0.4

 
1.2

 
1.3

Other income, net
4.1

 
3.6

 
8.0

 
7.8

Income before income tax expense
54.8

 
54.7

 
146.1

 
144.7

Income tax expense
13.6

 
19.1

 
47.3

 
51.9

Net income
$
41.2

 
$
35.6

 
$
98.8

 
$
92.8

Earnings per share:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Basic
$
0.34

 
$
0.29

 
$
0.82

 
$
0.74

Diluted
$
0.34

 
$
0.28

 
$
0.81

 
$
0.74

Dividends declared and paid per common share
$
0.1200

 
$
0.1125

 
$
0.3600

 
$
0.3375

    

See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.

1

Table of Contents

STEELCASE INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (Unaudited)
(in millions)

 
Three Months Ended
Nine Months Ended
 
November 25,
2016
November 27,
2015
November 25,
2016
November 27,
2015
Net income
$
41.2

 
$
35.6

 
$
98.8

 
$
92.8

Other comprehensive income (loss), net:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unrealized gain (loss) on investments
(0.5
)
 
(0.5
)
 
(0.6
)
 
(0.7
)
Pension and other post-retirement liability adjustments
(0.7
)
 
(1.1
)
 
(3.2
)
 
(3.4
)
Foreign currency translation adjustments
(18.5
)
 
(5.7
)
 
(15.2
)
 
(12.5
)
Total other comprehensive income (loss), net
(19.7
)
 
(7.3
)
 
(19.0
)
 
(16.6
)
Comprehensive income
$
21.5

 
$
28.3

 
79.8

 
76.2


See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.


2

Table of Contents

STEELCASE INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(in millions)
 
(Unaudited)
 
 
November 25,
2016
February 26,
2016
ASSETS
Current assets:
 

 
 

Cash and cash equivalents
$
139.1

 
$
181.9

Short-term investments
96.7

 
84.1

Accounts receivable, net of allowances of $11.3 and $11.7
328.1

 
322.7

Inventories
172.6

 
159.4

Prepaid expenses
17.5

 
19.6

Other current assets
48.8

 
56.2

Total current assets
802.8

 
823.9

Property, plant and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation of $958.6 and $936.8
401.3

 
411.6

Company-owned life insurance ("COLI")
166.2

 
160.4

Deferred income taxes
205.2

 
211.6

Goodwill
106.5

 
106.4

Other intangible assets, net of accumulated amortization of $42.7 and $42.7
13.2

 
13.7

Investments in unconsolidated affiliates
50.7

 
51.0

Other assets
27.2

 
30.0

Total assets
$
1,773.1

 
$
1,808.6

LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
Current liabilities:
 

 
 

Accounts payable
$
222.3

 
$
209.6

Short-term borrowings and current maturities of long-term debt
2.8

 
2.5

Accrued expenses:
 

 
 

Employee compensation
124.1

 
169.9

Employee benefit plan obligations
32.2

 
36.5

Accrued promotions
26.6

 
21.7

Customer deposits
19.3

 
18.6

Product warranties
21.4

 
20.5

Other
71.3

 
78.2

Total current liabilities
520.0

 
557.5

Long-term liabilities:
 

 
 

Long-term debt less current maturities
294.5

 
296.6

Employee benefit plan obligations
143.3

 
142.5

Other long-term liabilities
71.4

 
75.1

Total long-term liabilities
509.2

 
514.2

Total liabilities
1,029.2

 
1,071.7

Shareholders’ equity:
 

 
 

Common stock

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(58.6
)
 
(39.6
)
Retained earnings
802.5

 
776.5

Total shareholders’ equity
743.9

 
736.9

Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity
$
1,773.1

 
$
1,808.6

See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.

3

Table of Contents

STEELCASE INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (Unaudited)
(in millions)

 
Nine Months Ended
 
November 25,
2016
November 27,
2015
OPERATING ACTIVITIES
 

 
 

Net income
$
98.8

 
$
92.8

Depreciation and amortization
44.7

 
49.4

Deferred income taxes
5.2

 
2.8

Non-cash stock compensation
16.6

 
17.4

Equity in income of unconsolidated affiliates
(7.3
)
 
(11.1
)
Dividends received from unconsolidated affiliates
7.4

 
9.3

Other
(6.4
)
 
(5.8
)
Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net of acquisitions:
 

 
 

Accounts receivable
(10.2
)
 
(24.9
)
Inventories
(14.8
)
 
(15.5
)
Assets related to derivative instruments
(3.2
)
 
22.5

VAT recoverable
19.3

 
(20.8
)
Other assets
(9.6
)
 
(0.7
)
Accounts payable
15.1

 
17.9

Employee compensation liabilities
(41.5
)
 
(16.6
)
Employee benefit obligations
(8.3
)
 
(5.6
)
Accrued expenses and other liabilities
(1.8
)
 
19.4

Net cash provided by operating activities
104.0

 
130.5

INVESTING ACTIVITIES
 

 
 

Capital expenditures
(40.4
)
 
(70.0
)
Proceeds from disposal of fixed assets
0.4

 
4.8

Purchases of short-term investments
(94.3
)
 
(96.9
)
Liquidations of short-term investments
82.6

 
49.6

Acquisitions, net of cash acquired

 
(6.9
)
Other
1.2

 
0.1

Net cash used in investing activities
(50.5
)
 
(119.3
)
FINANCING ACTIVITIES
 

 
 

Dividends paid
(44.1
)
 
(43.1
)
Common stock repurchases
(48.3
)
 
(14.3
)
Excess tax benefit from vesting of stock awards
(0.1
)
 
5.3

Borrowing of long-term debt

 
50.0

Repayment of long-term debt
(1.6
)
 
(33.6
)
Borrowing of line of credit

 
1.1

Net cash used in financing activities
(94.1
)

(34.6
)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents
(2.2
)
 
(2.8
)
Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents
(42.8
)
 
(26.2
)
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period
181.9

 
176.5

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period
$
139.1

 
$
150.3


See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.


4

Table of Contents

STEELCASE INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
1.
BASIS OF PRESENTATION
The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) for interim financial information and with the instructions in Article 10 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring accruals and adjustments) considered necessary for a fair presentation of the condensed consolidated financial statements have been included. Results for interim periods should not be considered indicative of results to be expected for a full year. Reference should be made to the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto contained in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended February 26, 2016 (“Form 10-K”). The Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet as of February 26, 2016 was derived from the audited Consolidated Balance Sheet included in our Form 10-K.
As used in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (“Report”), unless otherwise expressly stated or the context otherwise requires, all references to “Steelcase,” “we,” “our,” “Company” and similar references are to Steelcase Inc. and its subsidiaries in which a controlling interest is maintained. Unless the context otherwise indicates, reference to a year relates to the fiscal year, ended in February of the year indicated, rather than a calendar year. Additionally, Q1, Q2, Q3 and Q4 reference the first, second, third and fourth quarter, respectively, of the fiscal year indicated. All amounts are in millions, except share and per share data, data presented as a percentage or as otherwise indicated.
2.
NEW ACCOUNTING STANDARDS
In November 2016 and August 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued Accounting Standards Updates ("ASU") No. 2016-18 and No. 2016-15, Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230) , which update the guidance as to how restricted cash, certain cash receipts and certain cash payments should be presented and classified. The updates are intended to reduce diversity in practice. The amendments are effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2017, with early adoption permitted, including adoption in an interim period. We are currently evaluating the impact of the adoption of this standard on our consolidated financial statements.
In October 2016, FASB issued Accounting Standards Update ASU No. 2016-16, Income Taxes (Topic 740) . The update is intended to improve the accounting for the income tax consequences of intra-entity transfers of assets other than inventory. We plan to adopt this accounting guidance in Q1 2018. The updated guidance will not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.
In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-13, Financial Instruments - Credit Losses (Topic 326) , which replaces the incurred loss impairment methodology in current GAAP with a methodology that reflects expected credit losses. The update is intended to provide financial statement users with more useful information about expected credit losses. The amended guidance is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2019, with early adoption permitted for the fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning December 15, 2018. We are currently evaluating the impact of the adoption of this standard on our consolidated financial statements.
In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-09, Compensation - Stock Compensation (Topic 718) , which is part of the FASB Simplification Initiative. The updated guidance simplifies the accounting for share-based payment transactions. The amended guidance is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2016, with early adoption permitted. We are currently evaluating the impact of the adoption of this standard on our consolidated financial statements.
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842) , which establishes a new lease accounting model for lessees. The updated guidance requires an entity to recognize assets and liabilities arising from a lease for both financing and operating leases, along with additional qualitative and quantitative disclosures. The amended guidance is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2018, with early adoption permitted. We are currently evaluating the impact of the adoption of this standard on our consolidated financial statements.

5

STEELCASE INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

In January 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-01, Financial Instruments - Overall (Subtopic 825-10) , which updates the recognition and measurement of financial assets and financial liabilities. The updated guidance changes the accounting and disclosure of equity investments (except those that are consolidated or accounted for under the equity method). The amended guidance is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2017, with early adoption permitted. We are currently evaluating the impact of the adoption of this standard on our consolidated financial statements.
In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers , a new standard on revenue recognition. The new standard outlines a single comprehensive model for entities to use in accounting for revenue arising from contracts with customers and supersedes most current revenue recognition guidance, including industry-specific guidance. The core principle of the revenue model is that an entity should recognize revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. The standard is designed to create greater comparability for financial statement users across industries and jurisdictions and also requires enhanced disclosures. The guidance is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2017, with early adoption permitted for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2016. We are currently evaluating the impact of the adoption of this standard on our consolidated financial statements.
3.
EARNINGS PER SHARE
Earnings per share is computed using the two-class method. The two-class method determines earnings per share for each class of common stock and participating securities according to dividends or dividend equivalents and their respective participation rights in undistributed earnings. Participating securities represent restricted stock units in which the participants have non-forfeitable rights to dividend equivalents during the performance period. Diluted earnings per share includes the effects of certain performance units in which the participants have forfeitable rights to dividend equivalents during the performance period.
 
Three Months Ended
Nine Months Ended
Computation of Earnings per Share
November 25,
2016
 
November 27,
2015
November 25,
2016
 
November 27,
2015
Net income
$
41.2

 
$
35.6

 
$
98.8

 
$
92.8

Adjustment for earnings attributable to participating securities
(0.8
)
 
(0.7
)
 
(1.9
)
 
(1.9
)
Net income used in calculating earnings per share
$
40.4

 
$
34.9

 
$
96.9

 
$
90.9

Weighted-average common shares outstanding including participating securities (in millions)
120.4

 
124.8

 
121.1

 
124.7

Adjustment for participating securities (in millions)
(2.4
)
 
(2.6
)
 
(2.4
)
 
(2.6
)
Shares used in calculating basic earnings per share (in millions)
118.0

 
122.2

 
118.7

 
122.1

Effect of dilutive stock-based compensation (in millions)
0.4

 
1.2

 
0.5

 
1.3

Shares used in calculating diluted earnings per share (in millions)
118.4

 
123.4

 
119.2

 
123.4

Earnings per share:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Basic
$
0.34

 
$
0.29

 
$
0.82

 
$
0.74

Diluted
$
0.34

 
$
0.28

 
$
0.81

 
$
0.74

Total common shares outstanding at period end (in millions)
117.3

 
122.4

 
117.3

 
122.4

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Anti-dilutive performance units excluded from computation of diluted earnings per share (in millions)
0.3

 

 
0.3

 



STEELCASE INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

4.
ACCUMULATED OTHER COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)
The following table summarizes the changes in accumulated balances of other comprehensive income (loss) for the three months ended November 25, 2016 :
 
Unrealized gain (loss) on investments
Pension and other post-retirement liability adjustments
Foreign currency translation adjustments
Total
Balance as of August 26, 2016
$
0.5

 
$
8.2

 
$
(47.6
)
 
$
(38.9
)
 
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications
(0.5
)
 
0.8

 
(18.5
)
 
(18.2
)
 
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)

 
(1.5
)
 

 
(1.5
)
 
Net current period other comprehensive income (loss)
(0.5
)
 
(0.7
)
 
(18.5
)
 
(19.7
)
 
Balance as of November 25, 2016
$

 
$
7.5

 
$
(66.1
)
 
$
(58.6
)
 

The following table summarizes the changes in accumulated balances of other comprehensive income (loss) for the nine months ended November 25, 2016 :
 
Unrealized gain (loss) on investments
Pension and other post-retirement liability adjustments
Foreign currency translation adjustments
Total
Balance as of February 26, 2016
$
0.6

 
$
10.7

 
$
(50.9
)
 
$
(39.6
)
 
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications
(0.6
)
 
1.0

 
(15.2
)
 
(14.8
)
 
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)

 
(4.2
)
 

 
(4.2
)
 
Net current period other comprehensive income (loss)
(0.6
)
 
(3.2
)
 
(15.2
)
 
(19.0
)
 
Balance as of November 25, 2016
$

 
$
7.5

 
$
(66.1
)
 
$
(58.6
)
 

The following table provides details about reclassifications out of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) for the three and nine months ended November 25, 2016 and November 27, 2015 :
Detail of Accumulated Other
Comprehensive Income (Loss) Components
Amounts Reclassified from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
Affected Line in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income
Three Months Ended
Nine Months Ended
November 25,
2016
November 27,
2015
November 25, 2016
November 27, 2015
Amortization of pension and other post-retirement liability adjustments
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Actuarial losses (gains)
(0.1
)
 
0.1

 
(0.2
)
 
0.2

 
Cost of sales
Actuarial losses (gains)

 
0.2

 
0.1

 
0.6

 
Operating expenses
Prior service cost (credit)
(1.0
)
 
(1.1
)
 
(3.0
)
 
(3.2
)
 
Cost of sales
Prior service cost (credit)
(1.2
)
 
(1.2
)
 
(3.5
)
 
(3.7
)
 
Operating expenses
 
0.8

 
0.7

 
2.4

 
2.3

 
Income tax expense
Total reclassifications
$
(1.5
)
 
$
(1.3
)
 
$
(4.2
)
 
$
(3.8
)
 
Net income

7

STEELCASE INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

5.
FAIR VALUE
The carrying amounts for many of our financial instruments, including cash and cash equivalents, accounts and notes receivable, accounts and notes payable, short-term borrowings and certain other liabilities, approximate their fair value due to their relatively short maturities. Our short-term investments, foreign exchange forward contracts and long-term investments are measured at fair value on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.
Our total debt is carried at cost and was $297.3 and $299.1 as of November 25, 2016 and February 26, 2016 , respectively. The fair value of our total debt is measured using a discounted cash flow analysis based on current market interest rates for similar types of instruments and was approximately $332 and $326 as of November 25, 2016 and February 26, 2016 , respectively. The estimation of the fair value of our total debt is based on Level 2 fair value measurements.
We periodically use derivative financial instruments to manage exposures to movements in foreign exchange rates and interest rates. The use of these financial instruments modifies the exposure of these risks with the intention to reduce our risk of short-term volatility. We do not use derivatives for speculative or trading purposes.

8

STEELCASE INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

Assets and liabilities measured at fair value in our Consolidated Balance Sheets as of November 25, 2016 and February 26, 2016 are summarized below:
 
November 25, 2016
Fair Value of Financial Instruments
Level 1
Level 2
Level 3
Total
Assets:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Cash and cash equivalents
$
139.1

 
$

 
$

 
$
139.1

Restricted cash
2.5

 

 

 
2.5

Managed investment portfolio and other investments
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Corporate debt securities

 
63.4

 

 
63.4

U.S. agency debt securities

 
21.0

 

 
21.0

Asset backed securities

 
8.8

 

 
8.8

U.S. government debt securities
2.2

 

 

 
2.2

Municipal debt securities

 
1.3

 

 
1.3

Foreign exchange forward contracts

 
5.0

 

 
5.0

Auction rate securities

 

 
3.7

 
3.7

Canadian asset-backed commercial paper restructuring notes

 
2.4

 

 
2.4

 
$
143.8

 
$
101.9

 
$
3.7

 
$
249.4

Liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign exchange forward contracts

 
(2.3
)
 

 
(2.3
)
 
$

 
$
(2.3
)
 
$

 
$
(2.3
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
February 26, 2016
Fair Value of Financial Instruments
Level 1
Level 2
Level 3
Total
Assets:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Cash and cash equivalents
$
181.9

 
$

 
$

 
$
181.9

Restricted cash
2.5

 

 

 
2.5

Managed investment portfolio and other investments
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Corporate debt securities

 
31.7

 

 
31.7

U.S. agency debt securities

 
34.7

 

 
34.7

Asset backed securities

 
9.2

 

 
9.2

U.S. government debt securities
8.2

 

 

 
8.2

Municipal debt securities

 
0.3

 

 
0.3

Foreign exchange forward contracts

 
1.8

 

 
1.8

Auction rate securities

 

 
4.4

 
4.4

Canadian asset-backed commercial paper restructuring notes

 
3.1

 

 
3.1

 
$
192.6

 
$
80.8

 
$
4.4

 
$
277.8

Liabilities
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Foreign exchange forward contracts
$

 
$
(3.3
)
 
$

 
$
(3.3
)
 
$

 
$
(3.3
)
 
$

 
$
(3.3
)


9

STEELCASE INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

Below is a roll-forward of assets and liabilities measured at fair value using Level 3 inputs for the nine months ended November 25, 2016 :
Roll-Forward of Fair Value Using Level 3 Inputs
Auction Rate Securities
Balance as of February 26, 2016
$
4.4

Unrealized loss on investments
(0.7
)
Balance as of November 25, 2016
$
3.7

6.
INVENTORIES
Inventories
November 25,
2016
February 26,
2016
Raw materials and work-in-process
$
77.1

 
$
80.4

Finished goods
114.2

 
96.9

 
191.3

 
177.3

Revaluation to LIFO
18.7

 
17.9

 
$
172.6

 
$
159.4

The portion of inventories determined by the LIFO method was $78.3 and $76.3 as of November 25, 2016 and February 26, 2016 , respectively.
7.
SHORT-TERM BORROWINGS AND LONG-TERM DEBT
On September 23, 2016 we entered into a $125 committed five-year unsecured revolving syndicated credit facility (“New Facility”). The New Facility amends and restates our previous unsecured revolving syndicated credit facility (“Old Facility”) that was scheduled to expire in March 2017. At our option, and subject to certain conditions, we may increase the aggregate commitment under the New Facility by up to $75 by obtaining at least one commitment from one of the lenders. There are currently no borrowings outstanding under the New Facility.
We can use borrowings under the New Facility for general corporate purposes, including friendly acquisitions. Interest on borrowings is based on the rate, as selected by us, between the following two options:
the greatest of the prime rate, the Federal fund effective rate plus 0.5%, and the Eurocurrency rate for a one month interest period plus 1%, plus the applicable margin as set forth in the credit agreement; or
the Eurocurrency rate plus the applicable margin as set forth in the credit agreement.
The New Facility requires us to satisfy two financial covenants:
A maximum leverage ratio covenant, which is measured by the ratio of (x) indebtedness (as determined under the credit agreement) less unrestricted cash (as determined under the credit agreement) to (y) trailing four quarter Adjusted EBITDA (as determined under the credit agreement) and is required to be no greater than 3:1. (In the context of certain permitted acquisitions, we have a one-time ability, subject to certain conditions, to increase the maximum ratio to 3.25 to 1.0 for four consecutive quarters.)
A minimum interest coverage ratio covenant, which is measured by the ratio of (x) trailing four quarter Adjusted EBITDA (as determined under the credit agreement) to (y) trailing four quarter interest expense and is required to be no less than 3.5:1.
The New Facility does not include any restrictions on cash dividend payments or share repurchases. As of November 25, 2016, we were in compliance with all covenants under the New Facility.


10

STEELCASE INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

8.
INCOME TAXES
A reconciliation of the beginning and ending balances of unrecognized tax benefits is as follows:
 
Unrecognized Tax Benefits
Nine Months Ended November 25, 2016
 
 
Balance as of beginning of period
$
8.6

 
 
Gross increases—tax positions in prior period

 
 
Gross decreases—tax positions in prior period
(5.7
)
 
 
Gross increases—tax positions in current period

 
 
Currency translation adjustment

 
 
Balance as of end of period
$
2.9

 
During Q3 2017, French tax authorities concluded an audit of the 2011, 2012 and 2013 tax years. As a result, we reduced unrecognized tax benefits by $5.7 and recognized a tax benefit of $5.7 .

9.
SHARE-BASED COMPENSATION
Performance Units
In Q1 2017, we awarded 189,800 performance units ("PSUs") to our executive officers. The PSUs awarded are earned after a three-year performance period, from 2017 through 2019, based on achievement of certain total shareholder return results relative to a comparison group of companies, which is a market condition, and, if earned, will be issued in the form of shares of Class A Common Stock. The number of shares that may be earned can range from 0% to 200% of the target amount; therefore, the maximum number of shares that can be issued under these awards is 379,600 . These PSUs are expensed and recorded in Additional paid-in capital on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets over the performance period. We used the Monte Carlo simulation model to calculate the fair value of these PSUs on the date of grant. The model resulted in a weighted average grant date fair value of $16.33 per unit for these PSUs, compared to $24.15 and $23.25 per unit for similar PSUs granted in 2016 and 2015, respectively.
The weighted average grant date fair values were determined using the following assumptions:
 
2017 Awards
2016 Awards
2015 Awards
Three-year risk-free interest rate (1)
0.9
%
0.8
%
0.7
%
Expected term
3 years

3 years

3 years

Estimated volatility (2)
31.2
%
29.4
%
42.2
%
_______________________________________
(1)
Based on the U.S. government bond benchmark on the grant date.
(2)
Represents the historical price volatility of the Company’s common stock for the three-year period preceding the grant date.
The total PSU expense and associated tax benefit for all outstanding awards for the three and nine months ended November 25, 2016 and November 27, 2015 are as follows:
 
Three Months Ended
Nine Months Ended
Performance Units
November 25,
2016
November 27,
2015
November 25,
2016
November 27,
2015
Expense
$
1.5

 
$
0.6

 
$
4.7

 
$
6.0

 
Tax benefit
0.5

 
0.3

 
1.7

 
2.2

 
As of November 25, 2016 , there was $5.3 of remaining unrecognized compensation cost related to nonvested PSUs, which is expected to be recognized over a remaining weighted-average period of 1.5  years.

11

STEELCASE INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

The PSU activity for the nine months ended November 25, 2016 is as follows:
Maximum Number of Shares That May Be Issued Under Nonvested Units
Total
Weighted-Average
Grant Date
Fair Value per Unit
Nonvested as of February 26, 2016
1,147,844

$
20.66

Granted
379,600

16.33

Nonvested as of November 25, 2016
1,527,444

$
19.59

Restricted Stock Units
During the nine months ended November 25, 2016 , we awarded 975,663 restricted stock units ("RSUs"), of which 168,200 were awarded to our executive officers. These RSUs have restrictions on transfer which lapse three years after the date of grant, at which time the units will be issued as unrestricted shares of Class A Common Stock. RSUs are expensed and recorded in Additional paid-in capital on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets over the requisite service period based on the value of the underlying shares on the date of grant.
The RSU expense and associated tax benefit for all outstanding awards for the three and nine months ended November 25, 2016 and November 27, 2015 are as follows:
 
Three Months Ended
Nine Months Ended
Restricted Stock Units
November 25,
2016
November 27,
2015
November 25,
2016
November 27,
2015
Expense
$
2.5

 
$
2.5

 
$
11.4

 
$
10.9

 
Tax benefit
0.9

 
0.9

 
4.1

 
3.9

 
As of November 25, 2016 , there was $11.3 of remaining unrecognized compensation cost related to nonvested RSUs, which is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of 1.9  years.
The RSU activity for the nine months ended November 25, 2016 is as follows:
Nonvested Units
Total
Weighted-Average
Grant Date
Fair Value
per Unit
Nonvested as of February 26, 2016
1,638,888

$
18.45

Granted
975,663

14.66

Vested
(167,500
)
15.87

Forfeited
(35,207
)
16.86

Nonvested as of November 25, 2016
2,411,844

$
16.45

10.
REPORTABLE SEGMENTS
Our reportable segments consist of the Americas segment, the EMEA segment and the Other category. Unallocated corporate costs are reported as Corporate.
The Americas segment serves customers in the U.S., Canada, the Caribbean Islands and Latin America with a portfolio of integrated architecture, furniture and technology products marketed to corporate, government, healthcare, education and retail customers through the Steelcase, Coalesse and Turnstone brands.
The EMEA segment serves customers in Europe, the Middle East and Africa primarily under the Steelcase and Coalesse brands, with an emphasis on freestanding furniture systems, storage and seating solutions.
The Other category includes Asia Pacific, Designtex and PolyVision. Asia Pacific serves customers in Asia and Australia primarily under the Steelcase brand with an emphasis on freestanding furniture systems, storage and seating solutions. Designtex designs and sells surface materials including textiles and wall coverings which are specified by architects and designers directly to end-use customers primarily in North America. PolyVision manufactures ceramic steel surfaces for use in multiple applications, but primarily for sale to third-party fabricators and distributors to create static whiteboards and chalkboards sold in the primary and secondary education markets globally.

12

STEELCASE INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

Corporate costs include unallocated portions of shared service functions, such as information technology, corporate facilities, finance, human resources, research, legal and executive, plus deferred compensation expense and income or losses associated with COLI. Corporate assets consist primarily of unallocated cash and investment balances and the cash surrender value of COLI.
Revenue and operating income (loss) for the three and nine months ended November 25, 2016 and November 27, 2015 and total assets as of November 25, 2016 and February 26, 2016 by segment are presented below:
 
Three Months Ended
Nine Months Ended
Reportable Segment Statement of Operations Data
November 25,
2016
November 27,
2015
November 25,
2016
November 27,
2015
Revenue
 

 
 

 
 
 
 
 
Americas
$
576.7

 
$
575.5

 
$
1,668.1

 
$
1,710.7

 
EMEA
135.5

 
136.2

 
373.6

 
384.2

 
Other
74.3

 
75.9

 
221.6

 
217.2

 
 
$
786.5

 
$
787.6

 
$
2,263.3

 
$
2,312.1

 
Operating income (loss)
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
Americas
$
59.7

 
$
74.4

 
$
184.3

 
$
220.3

 
EMEA
2.7

 
(14.9
)
 
(14.9
)
 
(53.4
)
 
Other
3.1

 
5.5

 
8.8

 
9.8

 
Corporate
(10.9
)
 
(9.8
)
 
(28.4
)
 
(27.9
)
 
 
$
54.6

 
$
55.2

 
$
149.8

 
$
148.8

 

Reportable Segment Balance Sheet Data
November 25,
2016
February 26,
2016
Total assets
 

 
 

 
Americas
$
972.9

 
$
981.1

 
EMEA
319.3

 
332.6

 
Other
182.7

 
179.9

 
Corporate
298.2

 
315.0

 
 
$
1,773.1

 
$
1,808.6

 
11.
RESTRUCTURING ACTIVITIES
In Q1 2016, we announced restructuring actions in EMEA related to the establishment of a Learning + Innovation Center in Munich, Germany. In Q2 2016, we completed negotiations with the works councils related to these actions. We expect to incur approximately $10 of restructuring costs in connection with this project, including approximately $7 of employee separation costs and approximately $3 of costs associated with employee and equipment moves, retention compensation and consulting costs. We recognized $0.2 of benefits related to favorable adjustments to employee separation costs and incurred $0.3 of employee separation costs in the EMEA segment in connection with these actions during the three and nine months ended November 25, 2016 , respectively. We also incurred $0.2 of business exit and other related costs in the EMEA segment in connection with these actions during the nine months ended November 25, 2016 . We incurred $6.7 of employee separation costs and $1.9 of business exit and other related costs in the EMEA segment in connection with these actions during 2016.
In Q1 2015, we announced restructuring actions in the Americas to close a manufacturing facility in High Point, North Carolina. In connection with these actions, we incurred a total of $4.2 of business exit and other related costs in the Americas segment, including $2.6 during the nine months ended November 25, 2016 . We also incurred $3.1 of employee termination costs in the Americas segment, all of which were recorded prior to 2017. These restructuring actions are complete.

13

STEELCASE INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

In Q3 2014, we announced restructuring actions in EMEA to close a manufacturing facility in Durlangen, Germany, and to establish a new manufacturing location in Stribro, Czech Republic. In connection with this project, we incurred a total of $8.8 related to business exit and other related costs in the EMEA segment, including $1.6 during the nine months ended November 25, 2016 . We also incurred $17.5 of employee termination costs, all of which were recorded prior to 2017. These restructuring actions are complete.
Restructuring costs (benefits) are summarized in the following table:
 
Three Months Ended
Nine Months Ended
Restructuring Costs (Benefits)
November 25,
2016
November 27,
2015
November 25,
2016
November 27,
2015
Cost of sales
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Americas
$

 
$
0.7

 
$
2.6

 
$
2.2

EMEA

 
1.8

 
1.6

 
8.5

Other

 

 

 

 

 
2.5

 
4.2

 
10.7

Operating expenses
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Americas

 

 

 
(2.9
)
EMEA
(0.2
)
 
0.5

 
0.5

 
8.4

Other

 

 

 

 
(0.2
)
 
0.5

 
0.5

 
5.5

 Total
$
(0.2
)
 
$
3.0

 
$
4.7

 
$
16.2

Below is a summary of the net additions, payments and adjustments to the restructuring reserve balance for the nine months ended November 25, 2016 :
Restructuring Reserve
Employee
Termination Costs
Business Exits
and Related
Costs
Total
Reserve balance as of February 26, 2016
$
10.0

 
$
0.8

 
$
10.8

Additions
0.6

 
4.1

 
4.7

Payments
(3.4
)
 
(3.3
)
 
(6.7
)
Adjustments
(0.6
)
 
(0.2
)
 
(0.8
)
Reserve balance as of November 25, 2016
$
6.6

 
$
1.4

 
$
8.0

The employee termination costs reserve balance as of November 25, 2016 primarily relates to restructuring actions in EMEA.

14


Item 2.
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations:
This management’s discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended February 26, 2016 . Reference to a year relates to the fiscal year, ended in February of the year indicated, rather than the calendar year, unless indicated by a specific date. Additionally, Q1, Q2, Q3 and Q4 reference the first, second, third and fourth quarter, respectively, of the fiscal year indicated. All amounts are in millions, except share and per share data, data presented as a percentage or as otherwise indicated.
Non-GAAP Financial Measures
This item contains certain non-GAAP financial measures. A “non-GAAP financial measure” is defined as a numerical measure of a company’s financial performance that excludes or includes amounts so as to be different than the most directly comparable measure calculated and presented in accordance with GAAP in the condensed consolidated statements of income, balance sheets or statements of cash flows of the company. Pursuant to the requirements of Regulation G, we have provided a reconciliation below of non-GAAP financial measures to the most directly comparable GAAP financial measure.
The non-GAAP financial measures used are: (1) organic revenue growth (decline), which represents the change in revenue excluding estimated currency translation effects and the impacts of acquisitions and divestitures, and (2) adjusted operating income (loss), which represents operating income (loss) excluding restructuring costs (benefits). These measures are presented because management uses this information to monitor and evaluate financial results and trends. Therefore, management believes this information is also useful for investors.
Financial Summary

Our reportable segments consist of the Americas segment, the EMEA segment and the Other category. Unallocated corporate costs are reported as Corporate.
Results of Operations
 
Three Months Ended
Nine Months Ended
Statement of Operations Data
November 25,
2016
November 27,
2015
November 25,
2016
November 27,
2015
Revenue
$
786.5

 
100.0
 %
 
$
787.6

 
100.0
 %
 
$
2,263.3

 
100.0
 %
 
$
2,312.1

 
100.0
 %
Cost of sales
524.6

 
66.7

 
531.6

 
67.5

 
1,504.3

 
66.5

 
1,564.5

 
67.7

Restructuring costs

 

 
2.5

 
0.3

 
4.2

 
0.2

 
10.7

 
0.5

Gross profit
261.9

 
33.3

 
253.5

 
32.2

 
754.8

 
33.3

 
736.9

 
31.8

Operating expenses
207.5

 
26.4

 
197.8

 
25.1

 
604.5

 
26.7

 
582.6

 
25.2

Restructuring costs (benefits)
(0.2
)
 

 
0.5

 
0.1

 
0.5

 

 
5.5

 
0.2

Operating income
54.6

 
6.9

 
55.2

 
7.0

 
149.8

 
6.6

 
148.8

 
6.4

Interest expense
(4.3
)
 
(0.6
)
 
(4.5
)
 
(0.6
)
 
(12.9
)
 
(0.6
)
 
(13.2
)
 
(0.6
)
Investment income
0.4

 
0.1

 
0.4

 
0.1

 
1.2

 
0.1

 
1.3

 
0.1

Other income, net
4.1

 
0.5

 
3.6

 
0.4

 
8.0

 
0.4

 
7.8

 
0.3

Income before income tax expense
54.8

 
6.9

 
54.7

 
6.9

 
146.1

 
6.5

 
144.7

 
6.2

Income tax expense
13.6

 
1.7

 
19.1

 
2.4

 
47.3

 
2.1

 
51.9

 
2.2

Net income
$
41.2

 
5.2
 %
 
$
35.6

 
4.5
 %
 
$
98.8

 
4.4
 %
 
$
92.8

 
4.0
 %
Earnings per share:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Basic
$
0.34

 
 

 
$
0.29

 
 

 
$
0.82

 
 

 
$
0.74

 
 

Diluted
$
0.34

 
 

 
$
0.28

 
 

 
$
0.81

 
 

 
$
0.74

 
 


15

Table of Contents

Q3 2017 Organic Revenue Growth (Decline)
Americas
EMEA
Other
Consolidated
Q3 2016 revenue
$
575.5

 
$
136.2

 
$
75.9

 
$
787.6

 
Currency translation effects*

 
(3.4
)
 
(0.4
)
 
(3.8
)
 
   Q3 2016 revenue, adjusted
575.5

 
132.8

 
75.5

 
783.8

 
Q3 2017 revenue
576.7

 
135.5

 
74.3

 
786.5

 
Organic growth (decline) $
$
1.2

 
$
2.7

 
$
(1.2
)
 
$
2.7

 
Organic growth (decline) %
%
 
2
%
 
(2
)%
 
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
* Currency translation effects represent the estimated net effect of translating Q3 2016 foreign currency revenues using the average exchange rates during Q3 2017.
Year-to-Date 2016 Organic Revenue Growth (Decline)
Americas
EMEA
Other
Consolidated
Year-to-date 2016 revenue
$
1,710.7

 
$
384.2

 
$
217.2

 
$
2,312.1

 
Currency translation effects*
(2.3
)
 
(3.3
)
 
(2.3
)
 
(7.9
)
 
   Year-to-date 2016 revenue, adjusted
1,708.4

 
380.9

 
214.9

 
2,304.2

 
Year-to-date 2017 revenue
1,668.1

 
373.6

 
221.6

 
2,263.3

 
Acquisition
(6.8
)
 

 

 
(6.8
)
 
   Year-to-date 2017 revenue, adjusted
1,661.3

 
373.6

 
221.6

 
2,256.5

 
Organic growth (decline) $
$
(47.1
)
 
$
(7.3
)
 
$
6.7

 
$
(47.7
)
 
Organic growth (decline) %
(3
)%
 
(2
)%
 
3
%
 
(2
)%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
* Currency translation effects represent the estimated net effect of translating YTD 2016 foreign currency revenues using the average exchange rates during YTD 2017.
 
Three Months Ended
Nine Months Ended
Reconciliation of Operating Income to
Adjusted Operating Income
November 25,
2016
November 27,
2015
November 25,
2016
November 27,
2015
Operating income
$
54.6

 
6.9
%
 
$
55.2

 
7.0
%
 
$
149.8

 
6.6
%
 
$
148.8

 
6.4
%
Add: restructuring costs (benefits)
(0.2
)
 

 
3.0

 
0.4

 
4.7

 
0.2

 
16.2

 
0.7

Adjusted operating income
$
54.4

 
6.9
%
 
$
58.2

 
7.4
%
 
$
154.5

 
6.8
%
 
$
165.0

 
7.1
%
Overview
In Q3 2017, revenue was relatively flat compared to the prior year, with the Americas and EMEA each posting modest organic revenue growth and the Other category posting a modest organic revenue decline. Our revenue growth in the Americas exceeded the industry for the first two months of the quarter, based on the most current information available from our industry association. Our new product introductions and other strategic actions taken in the current year contributed to growth in our day-to-day business and continued strengthening of our internal estimates of project orders expected to ship in the next four quarters compared to the prior year.
Our operating performance in the quarter reflected a decline in the Americas which was largely offset by a significant improvement in EMEA which achieved adjusted operating income compared to an adjusted operating loss in the prior year. The decline in the Americas was driven by unfavorable shifts in business mix and higher operating expenses. It was the first time in four years that EMEA posted adjusted operating income and the year-over-year improvement of $15 was driven by a 1,050 basis point reduction in cost of sales as a percent of revenue compared to the prior year. EMEA posted modest organic revenue growth in the quarter driven by the timing of customer deliveries, while orders and backlog declined during the quarter.
Q3 2017 Compared to Q3 2016
We recorded net income of $41.2 and diluted earnings per share of $0.34 in Q3 2017 compared to net income of $35.6 and diluted earnings per share of $0.28 in Q3 2016 . Operating income of $54.6 in Q3 2017 compared to operating income of $55.2 in Q3 2016 . Higher operating expenses in the Americas were partially offset by reductions in cost of sales as a percent of revenue in EMEA and lower restructuring costs. After adjusting for the impact of restructuring costs, adjusted operating income of $54.4 in Q3 2017 represented a decrease of $3.8 (or 50 basis points as a percent of revenue) compared to Q3 2016 .

16

Table of Contents

Revenue in Q3 2017 was relatively flat compared to the prior year, with the Americas posting minimal growth offset by small declines in EMEA and the Other category. After adjusting for $3.8 of unfavorable currency translation effects, organic revenue growth was $2.7 or less than 1%. On an organic basis, revenue in the Americas was consistent with the prior year, while revenue in EMEA grew by 2% and revenue in the Other category declined by 2% .
Cost of sales decreased by 80 basis points to 66.7% of revenue in Q3 2017 compared to Q3 2016 . The improvement was due to a significant decrease in EMEA, partially offset by a 140 basis point increase in the Americas. The improvement in EMEA was driven by the elimination of disruption costs and inefficiencies associated with operational footprint changes and other manufacturing and distribution issues experienced in the prior year, as well as benefits from cost reduction efforts, gross margin improvement initiatives and favorable shifts in business mix. The increase in the Americas was primarily driven by unfavorable shifts in business mix.
Operating expenses of $207.5 in Q3 2017 represented an increase of $9.7 or 130 basis points as a percent of revenue compared to the prior year. The increase was primarily due to higher variable compensation expense (including expense associated with a tax benefit recorded in the quarter) and higher sales, product development and marketing costs.
We recorded restructuring benefits of $0.2 in Q3 2017 compared to restructuring costs of $3.0 in Q3 2016 . The Q3 2017 benefits represented favorable adjustments to employee separation costs relating to the establishment of the Learning + Innovation Center in Munich. The Q3 2016 costs primarily related to the establishment of the Learning + Innovation Center in Munich and the closure of a manufacturing facility in Durlangen, Germany. See Note 11 to the condensed consolidated financial statements for additional information.
Our effective tax rate in Q3 2017 was 24.8% compared to a Q3 2016 effective tax rate of 34.9% . The improvement was primarily due to a benefit related to the outcome of a tax audit in EMEA. See Note 8 to the condensed consolidated financial statements for additional information.
Year-to-Date 2017 Compared to Year-to-Date 2016
We recorded year-to-date 2017 net income of $98.8 compared to year-to-date 2016 net income of $92.8 . Year-to-date 2017 operating income increased by $1.0 to $149.8 compared to the prior year. The slight improvement was driven by a reduction in cost of sales as a percent of revenue in EMEA and lower restructuring costs, partially offset by higher operating expenses in the Americas. After adjusting for the impact of restructuring costs, adjusted operating income of $154.5 in year-to-date 2017 represented a decrease of $10.5 (or 30 basis points as a percent of revenue) compared to prior year.
Year-to-date 2017 revenue of $2,263.3 represented a decrease of $48.8 compared to the prior year. The decrease in revenue was driven by lower revenue in the Americas and EMEA. After adjusting for a $6.8 favorable impact of an acquisition in the Americas and $7.9 of unfavorable currency translation effects, the organic revenue decline was $47.7 or 2% . On an organic basis, revenue declined by 3% in the Americas and 2% in EMEA which was partially offset by revenue growth of 3% in the Other category.
Cost of sales decreased by 120 basis points to 66.5% of revenue in year-to-date 2017 compared to year-to-date 2016 . The improvement was due to a 770 basis point improvement in EMEA, while cost of sales in the Americas and the Other category was generally consistent with the prior year. The improvement in EMEA was driven by the same factors as the quarter.
Operating expenses of $604.5 in year-to-date 2017 represented an increase of $21.9 or 150 basis points as a percent of revenue compared to the prior year. Operating expenses increased by $16.0 in the Americas, $2.8 in EMEA and $2.6 in the Other category. The increase in the Americas was driven by higher sales, product development and marketing costs. The increase in EMEA was driven by costs associated with the new Learning + Innovation center in Munich.
We recorded year-to-date 2017 net restructuring costs of $4.7 compared to net restructuring costs of $16.2 in year-to-date 2016 . The year-to-date 2017 amount included costs related to the closure of the manufacturing facility in High Point, North Carolina, the closure of the manufacturing facility in Durlangen and the establishment of the Learning + Innovation Center in Munich. The year-to-date 2016 amount included costs associated with those three projects as well as the exit of a manufacturing facility in Wisches, France, partially offset by a $2.8 gain related to the sale of a facility in the Americas. See Note 11 to the condensed consolidated financial statements for additional information.

17

Table of Contents

Our year-to-date 2017 effective tax rate was 32.4% compared to a year-to-date 2016 effective tax rate of 35.9% . The improvement was driven by the same factor as the quarter. See Note 8 to the condensed consolidated financial statements for additional information.

Interest Expense, Investment Income and Other Income, Net
 
Three Months Ended
Nine Months Ended
Interest Expense, Investment Income and Other Income, Net
November 25,
2016
November 27,
2015
November 25,
2016
November 27,
2015
Interest expense
$
(4.3
)
 
$
(4.5
)
 
$
(12.9
)
 
$
(13.2
)
Investment income
0.4

 
0.4

 
1.2

 
1.3

Other income (expense), net:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Equity in income of unconsolidated affiliates
2.7

 
4.6

 
7.4

 
11.2

Foreign exchange gain (loss)
2.1

 
(0.5
)
 
2.8

 
(2.0
)
Miscellaneous, net
(0.7
)
 
(0.5
)
 
(2.2
)
 
(1.4
)
Total other income, net
4.1

 
3.6

 
8.0

 
7.8

Total interest expense, investment income and other income, net
$
0.2

 
$
(0.5
)
 
$
(3.7
)
 
$
(4.1
)
Business Segment Review
See Note 10 to the condensed consolidated financial statements for additional information regarding our business segments.
Americas
The Americas segment serves customers in the U.S., Canada, the Caribbean Islands and Latin America with a portfolio of integrated architecture, furniture and technology products marketed to corporate, government, healthcare, education and retail customers through the Steelcase, Coalesse and Turnstone brands.
 
Three Months Ended
Nine Months Ended
Statement of Operations Data — Americas
November 25,
2016
November 27,
2015
November 25,
2016
November 27,
2015
Revenue
$
576.7

 
100.0
%
 
$
575.5

 
100.0
%
 
$
1,668.1

 
100.0
%
 
$
1,710.7

 
100.0
 %
Cost of sales
381.3

 
66.1

 
372.4

 
64.7

 
1,084.5

 
65.0

 
1,110.4

 
64.9

Restructuring costs

 

 
0.7

 
0.1

 
2.6

 
0.2

 
2.2

 
0.1

Gross profit
195.4

 
33.9

 
202.4

 
35.2

 
581.0

 
34.8

 
598.1

 
35.0

Operating expenses
135.7

 
23.5

 
128.0

 
22.3

 
396.7

 
23.8

 
380.7

 
22.3

Restructuring costs (benefits)

 

 

 

 

 

 
(2.9
)
 
(0.2
)
Operating income
$
59.7

 
10.4
%
 
$
74.4

 
12.9
%
 
$
184.3

 
11.0
%
 
$
220.3

 
12.9
 %

 
Three Months Ended
Nine Months Ended
Reconciliation of Operating Income to
Adjusted Operating Income — Americas
November 25,
2016
November 27,
2015
November 25,
2016
November 27,
2015
Operating income
$
59.7

 
10.4
%
 
$
74.4

 
12.9
%
 
$
184.3

 
11.0
%
 
$
220.3

 
12.9
 %
Add: restructuring costs (benefits)

 

 
0.7

 
0.1

 
2.6

 
0.2

 
(0.7
)
 
(0.1
)
Adjusted operating income
$
59.7

 
10.4
%
 
$
75.1

 
13.0
%
 
$
186.9

 
11.2
%
 
$
219.6

 
12.8
 %
Operating income in the Americas decreased by $14.7 and $36.0 , respectively, in Q3 2017 and year-to-date 2017 compared to the prior year. The decline in the quarter was primarily driven by unfavorable shifts in business mix and higher variable compensation expense. On a year-to-date basis, the decline was driven by lower sales volume and higher sales and marketing costs. After adjusting for the impact of restructuring costs, adjusted operating income decreased by $15.4 in Q3 2017 and $32.7 in year-to-date 2017 compared to the prior year.

18

Table of Contents

The Americas revenue represented 73.3% of consolidated revenue in Q3 2017 . Revenue for Q3 2017 was $576.7 compared to $575.5 in Q3 2016 . The slight increase in revenue reflected higher volume and unfavorable shifts in business mix and was categorized as follows:
Product categories — Four out of seven categories grew in Q3 2017 , led by Seating and Furniture. Health and Architectural Solutions experienced double-digit percentage growth rates, while Technology declined significantly compared to the prior year.

Vertical markets — Financial Services and Education experienced double-digit percentage growth rates, while Energy and Technical and Professional declined significantly year over year.

Geographic regions — The Northeast and East Business Groups grew year over year while the South and West Business Groups declined.

Contract type — Continuing business grew, while marketing programs and project business declined year over year.
Year-to-date 2017 revenue of $1,668.1 represented a decrease of $42.6 compared to year-to-date 2016 , and the decrease was driven by lower volume. After adjusting for $2.3 of unfavorable currency translation effects and a $6.8 favorable impact of an acquisition, the year-to-date 2017 organic revenue decline was $47.1 or 3% compared to the prior year.
Cost of sales in the Americas increased by 140 basis points to 66.1% of revenue in Q3 2017 compared to 64.7% of revenue in Q3 2016 . The increase was driven primarily by unfavorable shifts in business mix. Year-to-date 2017 cost of sales was 65.0% of revenue which is consistent with the prior year.
Operating expenses increased by $7.7 , or 120 basis points as a percent of revenue, in Q3 2017 compared to the prior year primarily due to $5.5 of higher variable compensation expense and $2.2 of higher sales, product development and marketing costs including dealer conferences. Operating expenses increased by $16.0 , or 150 basis points as a percent of revenue, in year-to-date 2017 compared to the prior year driven by $9.2 of higher sales, product development and marketing costs and higher corporate costs.
There were no restructuring costs recorded in the Americas in Q3 2017 compared to restructuring costs of $0.7 in Q3 2016 associated with the closure of the manufacturing facility in High Point which was completed in Q1 2017. Year-to-date 2017 restructuring costs of $2.6 associated with the High Point closure compared to net restructuring benefits of $0.7 in year-to-date 2016 which included a $2.8 gain related to the sale of a facility, partially offset by costs associated with the High Point closure. See Note 11 to the condensed consolidated financial statements for additional information.
EMEA